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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĕ̀p`o
Meaning: big
Russian meaning: большой
Turkic: *Ap / *Ep
Mongolian: *aba-
Korean: *opɨ-
Japanese: *ǝ̀pǝ̀-
Comments: SKE 174, Martin 239, АПиПЯЯ 102 (with literature), 274. Cf. also *ebo (Jpn. reflects a merger of these two roots).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Ap / *Ep
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: emphatic strengthening particle
Russian meaning: эмфатическая усилительная частица
Karakhanid: ap / ep (MK)
Turkish: ap (XIV c.), apačɨk 'quite, completely'
Azerbaidzhan: apǯɨG 'however'
Kirghiz: apej 'an emphatic interjection'
Comments: EDT 3.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aba-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: huge
Russian meaning: огромный
Written Mongolian: abarɣa, (L 6: aburɣu, aburɣa)
Middle Mongolian: ? aburin eme 'principal wife' (SH, Козин)
Khalkha: avraga
Buriat: abarga
Kalmuck: awrGǝ
Dagur: auruhe 'big fish (probably sturgeon' (MD 116) (?)
Comments: KW 20. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. oburgu (Kaɫ. MEJ 16, Stachowski 188); > Russ. dial. абарга 'рыба калуга' (Аникин 71).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *opɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: plentiful
Russian meaning: обильный, многочисленный
Modern Korean: obut-hada [obus-], obɨt-hada
Comments: KED 1201.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀pǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: big; many
Russian meaning: большой; много
Old Japanese: opo-; opo(ki)-
Middle Japanese: òfò-; ofo(ki)-
Tokyo: ṓ-; ōkí-
Kyoto: ō̂-
Kagoshima: ṓ-
Nase: Fū́-
Shuri: úFú-
Hateruma: bù-sà-
Comments: JLTT 838.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-comments,

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