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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĕk`à (~ -o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: elder sister
Russian meaning: старшая сестра
Turkic: *eke
Mongolian: *eke, *egeče
Tungus-Manchu: *eKe / *keKe
Korean: *kjǝ̄-čìp
Japanese: *kaka
Comments: EAS 91, KW 118, Poppe 55, VEWT 38, АПиПЯЯ 292, Цинциус 1972a, 29-31, Дыбо 6. The root is (like most other kinship terms) a "nursery word", but very well attested in all branches, so - despite Doerfer TMN 1, 190-191 - all forms cannot be explained as borrowings (although some later interactions were of course possible, e.g. Mong. egeče may - because of its irregular -g- and meaning coinciding with Turkic - be a later Turkic loanword).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *eke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: elder sister
Russian meaning: старшая сестра
Old Turkic: eke (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: eke (MK); ege-t 'female servant of bride' (MK)
Turkmen: ekeǯi
Chuvash: akka
Comments: VEWT 38, ЭСТЯ 1, 222-224, TMN 1, 190, 2, 91-92, EDT 100, 102, Егоров 23.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *eke, *egeče
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mother 2 elder sister
Russian meaning: 1 мать 2 старшая сестра
Written Mongolian: eke 1 (L 305), egeči 2 (L 297)
Middle Mongolian: eke (HY 28, SH), äke (IM), ikä̆ (MA) 1, ekči (HY 28), egeči (SH), igäǯi (MA) 2
Khalkha: ex 1, egč 2
Buriat: exe 1, egeše 2
Kalmuck: ekǝ 1, egǝčǝ, ekčǝ 2
Ordos: eke 1, egeči 2
Dongxian: eGečǝ 2
Dagur: eg 1, egči, ekē 2 (Тод. Даг. 138, 139); MGCD: ekči, ekē 2; egeči, ekē 2, ehe 1 (MD 142)
Shary-Yoghur: hge 1, ǝɣeči 2
Monguor: kaʒ́i (SM 194) 2, āʒ́ī (SM 2) 2
Comments: KW 118, TMN 1, 190, MGCD 254, 274. Mong. > Chag. egäči, see Щербак 1997, 203.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eKe / *keKe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 woman, wife 2 elder sister
Russian meaning: 1 женщина 2 старшая сестра
Evenki: ekīn 2
Even: ekъn 2
Negidal: exe 1, exīn 2
Spoken Manchu: xexǝ 1 (833, 924)
Literary Manchu: xexe 1
Jurchen: xexe-e (299) 1
Ulcha: ēqte 1
Orok: ekte 1
Nanai: ekte 1
Oroch: eki 2
Udighe: exi(n) 1, 2
Solon: xexe 1
Comments: See ТМС 1, 480; 2, 443 (cf. a similar parallelism in the words for "man" and for "elder brother").
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kjǝ̄-čìp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: woman
Russian meaning: женщина
Modern Korean: kjēǯip
Middle Korean: kjǝ̄čìp
Comments: Nam 42, KED 132. Historically a compound (*'woman' + 'house, family'), with čip 'house' in the second part.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mother
Russian meaning: мать
Middle Japanese: kaka
Tokyo: o-kā́-san
Kyoto: ò-kā̀-sán
Kagoshima: o-kā-sán
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *HVk`V
Meaning: elder sister
Altaic: *ĕk`à (~ -o)
Eskimo-Aleut: *aka
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *aka
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: elder sister, mother
Russian meaning: старшая сестра, мать
Proto-Yupik: *áka
Proto-Inupik: *a(a)kka
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 10
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *áka
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: elder sister
Russian Meaning: старшая сестра
Sirenik: //ākaχ [Orr]
Chaplino: áká (t), āká(q)*
Naukan: ákaq
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: ākāq
Norton Sound (Peripheral): ākaq 'mother'
PAME: *áka 'mother, father's brother'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 10
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-nrts,yupet-pame,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ạ(a)kka
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: mother 1, eldest sister 2
Russian meaning: мать 1, самая старшая сестра 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: āka 1
SPI Dialects: Imaq aká 1, W ākaŋ* 1, KI aka* 1
North Alaskan Inupik: āka 1, āxxā 3sg. 2
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl aka* 1
WCI Dialects: M aka* 1, Sig ākaq 1 [Met.], ākāʁāluk 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 10
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-ced,

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