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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *èk`á
Meaning: to paw, hit with hooves
Russian meaning: бить копытами
Turkic: *agsa-
Mongolian: *(h)agsa-
Tungus-Manchu: *ekte-
Japanese: *ànkà-k-
Comments: KW 5. Both Turkic and Mongolian languages have also a derivative meaning 'rampage, rage, raging': Karakh. aχsuŋ, axsum (MK), aqsun (QB), Chag. aqsum, axsum, Az. aqsɨn, Kirgh. aqsɨm etc.; WMong. aɣsum, Khalkha agsaŋ, Bur. agsam, Ord. agsum (DO 7) 'wild, raging', Khalkha agsam 'rampage'. Doerfer (TMN 2, 90) supposes a loanword in Turk. < Mong.; Shcherbak (Щербак 1997, 103) - vice versa; the final decision is still unclear.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *agsa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hobble, limp 2 lame
Russian meaning: 1 хромать 2 хромой
Karakhanid: axsa- (MK) 1, aqsaq, aɣsaɣ (MK) 2
Turkish: aksa- 1
Tatar: aqsa- 1
Uzbek: ɔqsa- 1
Sary-Yughur: axsa- 1
Azerbaidzhan: axsa- 1
Turkmen: aGsa- 1
Khakassian: axsa- 1
Yakut: axsɨm 2
Tuva: asqa- 1
Kirghiz: aqsa- 1
Kazakh: aqsa- 1
Noghai: aqsa- 1
Bashkir: aqha- 1
Balkar: axsa-, asxa- 1
Karakalpak: aqsa- 1
Kumyk: aqsa- 1
Comments: EDT 95, ЭСТЯ 76. Turk. > Mong. asag '(animal) lameness'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)agsa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to have fits, convulsions 2 to fling fiercely 3 to chafe, behave nervously (of a horse); to rough-house 4 feeling of weariness (from physical labour)
Russian meaning: 1 биться в судорогах 2 яростно бросаться 3 горячиться (о лошади); буянить 4 чувство усталости, разбитости от физического труда
Written Mongolian: aɣsur-, aɣsa- 1
Khalkha: agsra-, agsči- 3, agsga 4
Buriat: agšan `frolic, prankish'
Kalmuck: agsra- 3, agsag 'wild'
Ordos: agsur- 2 agsum 'яростный, пылкий, необузданный'
Comments: KW 5. Mong. > Evk. aksa- 'to be insulted, grudge', Evn. ās-, Neg. aksa-, Ul. aqsa-, Orok aqsa-, Nan. aqsa-, Oroch aksa- id., Man. aqšula- 'to curse' (ТМС 1, 25).
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ekte-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to paw, hit with hooves (of a horse); to rough-house 2 to faint
Russian meaning: 1 бить копытами; буянить 2 падать в обморок
Literary Manchu: ekte- 1
Udighe: ektine- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 444.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ànkà-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to paw (the air); struggle, strive
Russian meaning: бить копытами (о лошади); напрягаться
Old Japanese: agak-
Middle Japanese: àgàk-
Tokyo: agák-
Kyoto: ágák-
Kagoshima: àgàk-
Comments: JLTT 674. Usually analysed as a compound *asi 'foot' + *kak- 'scrape', which is probably a folk-etymological explanation.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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