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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĕdV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: host, husband
Russian meaning: хозяин, муж
Turkic: *Edi
Mongolian: *eǯen
Tungus-Manchu: *edī-
Comments: EAS 97, KW 130, Poppe 53, 105, Цинциус 1972a, 49-52, Дыбо 6. A Western isogloss. Despite Щербак 1997, 114, Mong. is hardly borrowed from Turk. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 177-178) doubts in the validity of the etymology are hardly grounded: all forms are easily explained if we suppose a protoform like *edije. The form can be in fact an old derivative of *ĕda 'thing, household' (q. v., cf. Poppe UJb XIII, 114, 120).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Edi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: host
Russian meaning: хозяин
Old Turkic: edi (idi) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: iδi (MK)
Turkish: ije, ɨs, is
Tatar: ijä
Middle Turkic: eje (Бор. Бад., Abush.), ije (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: äjä (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: ise
Azerbaidzhan: jijä
Turkmen: eje
Khakassian: ē
Shor: ē
Oyrat: ē
Yakut: ičči
Dolgan: ičči
Tuva: ē ( < Oyr. or Khak.)
Kirghiz: ē
Kazakh: ĭje
Noghai: ije
Bashkir: ĭjä
Balkar: ije
Karaim: ije, je
Karakalpak: ije
Kumyk: jeje
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 237-241, TMN 2, 176, EDT 41, Лексика 324-325, Stachowski 122. Some forms (Tur. ɨs, is, Yak. ičči etc.) go back to a suffixed *ede-si; the Khak. and Shor forms should be explained as a haplology of the same form.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *eǯen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: host
Russian meaning: хозяин
Written Mongolian: eǯen (L 336)
Middle Mongolian: eǯen (HY 27, SH), äǯinu (IM), iǯä̆-lä- (MA)
Khalkha: eʒen
Buriat: ezen
Kalmuck: ezṇ
Ordos: eǯin
Dongxian: eǯen
Dagur: eǯin (Тод. Даг. 138, MD 142)
Monguor: nʒ́ēn 'l'individu en lui-même, propre, séparément, famille' (SM 267), rʒ́i-le- 'se rendre maître de, usurper, ravir' (SM 312)
Mogol: eǯän; ZM eižän (9-8a)
Comments: KW 129-130.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *edī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: husband
Russian meaning: муж
Evenki: edī
Even: edi
Negidal: edī
Ulcha: edi(n)
Orok: edi
Nanai: eǯi
Oroch: edi
Comments: ТМС 2, 437-438. Despite Doerfer MT 18, the root cannot be a Mong. loanword - unlike forms like Evk., Man. eǯen 'host', obviously recent borrowings (cf. Rozycki 67).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔedV
Meaning: host, master
Indo-European: ? Gr. éthnos 'clan'
Altaic: *ĕdV
Dravidian: *ed_- (*-r_-)
References: Ndr 14 *ʔediNV (Alt., Gr.; also adding Sem. *ʔadān- 'lord, pater familias'). Cf. ST *tŏH 'chief, master' and Austric: PAA *tVw 'noble, king', PAN *datu, *qatu(an) 'master, lord'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ed_- (*-r_-)
Meaning : lord, master, king
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *Ir_-
Proto-Telugu : *er_-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *piẓ-i-/*pinḍ-
Meaning : to squeeze
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : piẓi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to squeeze, express, press out with hands, drip, exude, shed or pour (as rain)
Tamil derivates : piṇṭi oilcake made of the residue of oil seeds
Malayalam : piẓiyuka
Malayalam meaning : to wring out, squeeze out
Malayalam derivates : piṇṭi what is squeezed, wrung out, dregs, residue, sediment
Kannada : piẓi
Kannada meaning : to wring or squeeze out, press out juice, make sapless or dry, become sapless or dry
Kannada derivates : piṇḍu, hiṇḍu to squeeze out, wring, pinch, milk, give milk, harass
Kodagu : puṇḍ- (puṇḍi-)
Kodagu meaning : to squeeze (wet cloth, fruit, anything with liquid in it)
Kodagu derivates : puṇḍe wetness (as of wet clothes)
Tulu : pīŋkāvuni
Tulu meaning : to press out (as tamarind seeds or the testicles of animals)
Tulu derivates : pīṇṭuni to twist, turn, wring; puṇḍiyuni, puṇṭuni to wring (as a wet garment), press or express (as juice from fruits, etc.); purñcuni, pureñcuni, purecuni to squeeze (as a lemon); piṇḍi, puṇḍi oilcake, refuse of expressed coconut, etc.
Proto-Nilgiri : *inḍ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) hircadɨ to squeeze
Notes : It is unclear whether the two forms are related or not. Normally, a root like *pinḍ- would be reflected as *piḍ-, not *piṛ-, in the unaccented position; therefore, if we are indeed to regard both forms as related, we would have to postulate a supposed *pinṛ- (?) for the original form; this is, however, hardly confirmed by external data.
Number in DED : 4183
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *inḍ-
Meaning : to twist (something wet), oppress by uninterrupted action upon
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : iṇḍ- (iṇḍy-), iṇḍc- (iṇḍc-)
Number in DED : 4183
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *er_-
Meaning : king, lord, master, husband
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : r_ē̃ḍu
Inscriptional Telugu : er_a "lord (Nellore inscr. [7th-8th cent.])"
Number in DED : 527
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_inscr,telet-dednum,

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