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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *dṑ ( ~ t-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: inside, middle
Russian meaning: внутри, середина
Mongolian: *do- / *du-
Tungus-Manchu: *dō
Korean: *tắi
Comments: ТМС 1, 210, Rozycki 61. One of the few monosyllabic roots in PA.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *do- / *du-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 inside 2 middle, mediocre 3 middle
Russian meaning: 1 внутри 2 средний, посредственный 3 середина
Written Mongolian: do-tur(a) 1 (L 265), du-li 2, du-mda 3 (L 273)
Middle Mongolian: dotora (HY 50), dotona (SH) 1, dutar, dutură (MA) 1, dunda (HY 50, SH) 2, dumda, donda (IM), dundă (MA) 3
Khalkha: dotor 1, duĺ 2, dund 3
Buriat: dosō 1, dunda 3
Kalmuck: dotṛ 1, dundǝ 3
Ordos: dotor 1, dunda 3
Dongxian: tudoro, sudoro 1, dunda 3
Baoan: dorǝ
Dagur: duatar, dotor 1, duanda 3, duande (MD 137) 3
Shary-Yoghur: hdoro 1, dunda 3
Monguor: turo (SM 434), šduro, tudor (SM 427) 1, dunda (SM 64) 3
Mogol: dotōna 1, dunda 3; ZM dotana (4-3a) 1, donda (9-1b) 3
Comments: KW 97,102, MGCD 227, 237. Mong. du-li > Evk. dulin etc., see ТМС 1, 222-223; Doerfer MT 20; Rozycki 63.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dō
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: inside
Russian meaning: внутренность
Evenki:
Even:
Negidal: dō(n)
Spoken Manchu: do-, d́o- (2586-2589)
Literary Manchu: do
Jurchen: do-lo (600)
Ulcha:
Orok:
Nanai:
Oroch:
Udighe: (Корм. 227)
Solon: dō-
Comments: ТМС 1, 209-210.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tắi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: place, inside
Russian meaning: место, внутренность
Modern Korean: te
Middle Korean: tắi
Comments: Nam 147, KED 454.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔudV
Meaning: breast, belly
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *owǝdh-
Altaic: *dṑ ( ~ t-) ?
Uralic: *utare (if not < Germ.?)
Dravidian: *oḍal
References: Ndr 13 *ʔu.dV(RV) 'breast' (also adding Chad. *wVḍ- 'breast, milk').
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *owǝdh-
Meaning: udder
Old Indian: ū́dhar / ū́dhas n., gen. ūdhnáḥ `udder'
Old Greek: ôu̯thar, -atos n. `Euter'
Slavic: *vɨ̄́mę̄
Baltic: *pa=ū̂d-r-iā̃ (1) f., *ūd-r-ā̂- vb.
Germanic: *iud-ur-a- n., -an- m.?, *ūd-ir-a- n.
Latin: ūber, -eris n. `Euter, Zitze, Mutterbrust', ūber, -eris adj. `fruchtbar, reich, ergiebig'
Russ. meaning: вымя
References: WP I 111
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: вы́мя
Near etymology: ср. р., диал. вы́ме, укр. ви́м'я, блр. вы́ме, др.-русск. вымя, род. п. вымене, болг. ви́ме, сербохорв. ви̏ме, словен. víme, чеш. výmě, слвц. vemä, польск. wymię, в.-луж. wumjo, н.-луж. humje. Другая ступень чередования представлена, по-видимому, в у́дить, у́деть "набухать".
Further etymology: Из и.-е. *ūdhmen-, родственного лат. sūmen "свиное вымя", возм., из *sū-ūdhmen (см. Фортунатов у Когена, ИОРЯС 17, 4, 402), далее, др.-инд. ū́dhar, род. п. ū́dhnas, лат. ūber, -eris "обильный, плодородный, вымя", греч. οὖθαρ, род. п. οὖθατος "вымя", д.-в.-н. ûtar "вымя", англос. úder аналогично образованию лат. femur: русск. бедро́; см. Траутман, BSW 334; Вальде2 810; Мейе, RS 7, 31; Et. 425; Миккола, ВВ 22, 243. Неправильно сближение Агреля вы́мя с лат. augmentum; см. Мейе, там же.
Pages: 1,368-369
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pa=ū̂d-r-iā̃ (1) f., *ūd-r-ā̂- vb.
Meaning: belly, paunch
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ūdrṓti (ostlit.) `trächtig sein, dick werden (vom Schwein)'; paū́drē `Unterleib (des Menschen), Netz bei den Schweinen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *iudura-n, -ēn, *ūdira-n
Meaning: udder
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: jūgr, jūr n. `Euter'
Norwegian: jur, dial. juver
Swedish: juver
Danish: üver
Old English: ūder `udder, breast'
English: udder
Old Frisian: jāder; ūder
Old Saxon: geder (Oxf. Vergilgl.); ūder m.
Middle Dutch: ūder; vyeren `van een teef', (Kiliaen) (h)uyder, uder, wre, wr, ore, euder, eur, neur
Dutch: pl. uier m.; dial. jadder, jaar, jieder, judder, juur; ujer, uder, udder, uur; oostnl. gier, geer, gedder, gidder
Middle Low German: ūder; jēder, jeier, gedder; nur, nür
Old High German: { ūtar, ūtaro }; ūtir, ūtiro m. (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: ūter, iuter st. m., n. 'euter'
German: Euter n.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 532
Root: ēudh-, ōudh-, ūdh-
English meaning: udder
German meaning: `Euter'
Grammatical comments: r/n-Stamm; ai. vereinzelte Formen eines -es- Stammes (sekundär?), slav. ein men-St.
Material: Ai. ū́dhar (und ūdhas) n., Gen. ūdhnáḥ `Euter';

    gr. οὖθαρ, οὖθατος (α = -) `Euter';

    lat. ūber, -eris n. `Euter, Zitze, säugende Brust; Fülle' (ūbertās; daraus ūber Adj. `reichlich, fruchtbar' gefolgert nach paupertas : pauper);

    ahd. Dat. ūtrin, mhd. ūter, iuter, schweiz. ūtǝr, as. ags. ūder n. `Euter', woneben ablautendes *ēudhr- in aisl. ju(g)r ds. und as. ieder, afries. iāder ds.;

    lit. ūdruó-ju, -ti `eutern, trächtig sein';

    slav. *vymę in čech. výmě, skr. vȉme `Euter' (*ūdh-men-);

    wohl als `das Schwellende' benannt, vgl. russ. úditь oder údětь `anschwellen', auch vielleicht der volsk. FlN Oufens, Ufens.

References: WP. I 111, Trautmann 334, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 518.
Pages: 347
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-grammar,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1693
Proto: *utare
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: udder
German meaning: Euter
Finnish: udar (gen. utaren), dial. utare, utara, utaro 'Euter'
Estonian: udar (gen. udara, oara)
Mordovian: odar (E M)
Mari (Cheremis): waδar (KB), woδar (U B)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *oḍal
Meaning : 1 belly 2 body
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *Uḍal
Proto-Telugu : *oḍal-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *oṛol
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Uḍal
Meaning : body, belly
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : uṭal
Tamil meaning : body, birth, texture of cloth
Tamil derivates : uṭalam, uṭampu, uṭar body
Malayalam : uṭal, uṭalam
Malayalam meaning : body, trunk, life, texture of cloth
Malayalam derivates : uṭampu body, anus
Kannada : oḍal
Kannada meaning : body, belly, stomach
Kannada derivates : oḍambi, oḍambe body; ḍoḷḷu, doḷḷu a protuberant, huge belly
Tulu : uḍalụ, uḍālụ, oḍālụ
Tulu meaning : belly, stomach
Tulu derivates : ḍoḷḷu, ṭoḷḷu, toḷḷè fat, stout; a pot-belly
Proto-Nilgiri : *oḍǝl
Number in DED : 0586
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *oḍǝl
Meaning : belly; chest
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : oṛḷ "belly, interior of body, trunk of body"
Toda : wɨṛɫ̣ "chest of body, desire"
Number in DED : 586
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *oḍal-
Meaning : body
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : oḍalu
Dialectal forms (1) : oḷḷu
Number in DED : 586
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *oṛol
Meaning : body
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : oṛol (obl. oṛoR-)
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : oṛol (obl. oṛoR-)
Meaning: body
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 586
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVTV
Meaning : inside, stomach
Eurasiatic : *ʔudV
Afroasiatic : *HwVd-
Sino-Caucasian : ST *thaj inside (may be < AA)
Austric : *tVj inside, stomach
Amerind (misc.) : *to 'belly' (R 54); *to 'stomach' (R 692)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-dà 'abdomen, inside'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *tVj
Meaning: inside
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: tVj
Austroasiatic meaning: inside, stomach
Proto-Austronesian: *qatay
Austronesian meaning: liver; inside
Proto-Thai: TP *[t]a[ɨ]A
Thai meaning: liver, gizzard
References: Ben 332, Peiros 1998, 96.
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,austr-taime,austr-bibl,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: tVj
Meaning: inside
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Khmer: phde:
Proto-Monic: OM pdʔej
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kmr,aaet-mon,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic:
Meaning: interior, center
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: pdʔaj
Old Mon: pdʔej inside
Middle Mon: pdʔaj
References: N259
monet-meaning,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-mm,monet-bib,

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