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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *di̯ā́no ( ~ *di̯ṓne)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: flat surface, land
Russian meaning: плоская поверхность, суша
Turkic: *jān
Mongolian: *denǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *dunse
Comments: A Western isogloss. The meaning 'side' in Turkic is easily deducible from 'land' (cf. Russ. страна - сторона).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jān
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side
Russian meaning: сторона
Old Turkic: jan (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jan (MK)
Turkish: jan
Tatar: jan
Middle Turkic: jan (Bor. Bad, Abush.)
Uighur: jan
Sary-Yughur: jan
Azerbaidzhan: jan
Turkmen: jān
Khakassian: nan, čan
Shor: čan
Oyrat: jan, d́an
Halaj: jān
Chuvash: śom
Tuva: čan
Kirghiz: ǯan
Kazakh: žan
Noghai: jan
Bashkir: jan
Balkar: ǯan, žan, zan
Gagauz: jan
Karaim: jan
Karakalpak: žan
Salar: jan
Kumyk: jan
Comments: VEWT 184, EDT 940, ЭСТЯ 4, 113, 118-119, TMN 4, 120, Федотов 2, 135. The word has an anatomical meaning ('hip') in old sources, but the meaning 'side' is also attested and must be more archaic, to judge from external evidence; the more abstract meaning in Chuvash ('vicinity') also supports 'side' as the original meaning.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *denǯi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: terrace (between the steppe and the river bank)
Russian meaning: терраса (между равниной и речным берегом)
Written Mongolian: denǯi, (L 252:) deŋǯi
Khalkha: denǯ
Kalmuck: denǯ
Ordos: denǯi
Dagur: denǯi 'small hill, mound' (MD 136)
Comments: KW 88.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dunse
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 earth 2 land 3 wood, taiga
Russian meaning: 1 земля 2 суша 3 тайга
Evenki: dunne, dunde 1
Even: dȫmŋe, dōnde 2
Ulcha: duente 3
Nanai: duente 3
Udighe: dühö 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 224.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *dVwnV
Meaning: shore, land
Indo-European: *dhenu̯- / *dheu̯n-
Altaic: *di̯ṓna
Uralic: ? *tan-tVrV 'field, lowland'
Kartvelian: Georg. done, don- 'level' ('Niveau, Stand, Stufe')
References: ND 541 *d[o]nV 'flat, low' (TM + Ur. + Kartv. + IE; + Sem.?).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dhAn-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: flat lot, platform
Old Indian: dhánus- n., dhánvan- m., n. `desert, arid land'; dhánu-, dhanū- f. `sandbank, sandy shore'
Germanic: *dan-jō f., *dan-ja- n., etc.
Russ. meaning: ровный участок; утоптанная площадка; помост
References: WP I 853
Comments: Cf. *dhūn-
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *danjō, *danja-n, etc.
Meaning: den
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: denn, -es n. `den'; denu `Waldtal', denu, -e f., dene, -an f., dene, -es m. `plain, vale, dale, valley'
English: den
Old Frisian: dann(e) `Beet, Gartenbeet, Ackerbett', dene `omlaag'
Middle Dutch: denne `Lager wilder Tiere; Waldtyal'; dan m., o. `bosdal; leger van dieren'
Dutch: den m. `hol van roofdier; ruim van een schip; bergzolder'; { denne `area, pavimentum; tabulatum', dene `asser, planca, tabula' }
Middle Low German: denne f. `Bodenvertiefung', denne n. `leger van dieren', dene `kuil, laagte', dan `bos'
Old High German: tenni n. (um 800) `geebneter Lehm- oder Bretterbodwen als Dreschplatz, Hausflur, Boden, Platz, Fläche überhaupt'; tan-esil `onager'
Middle High German: tɛnne st. n., st./wk. m., st./wk. f. 'tenne'
German: Tenne f.; Tann `Wald'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 394
Root: dhen-2
English meaning: surface of hand/land, etc.
German meaning: `Fläche der Hand, des Erdbodenes, flaches Brett'
Derivatives: dhenr̥ `flache Bodensekung'
Material: Ai. dhánuṣ- n., dhánvan- m. n. `trockenes Land, Festland, Strand, dürres Land, Wüste', dhánu-, dhanū́- f. `Sandbank, Gestade, Insel';

    gr. θέναρ n. `Handfläche, Fußsohle, auch von der Fläche des Meeres oder von der Vertiefung im Altar zur Aufnahme der Opfergaben', ὀπισθέναρ `Handrücken' (*ὀπισθοθέναρ), ahd. tenar m., tenra f. (*denarā̆-), mhd. tener m. `flache Hand', Curtius5 255 (samt ai. dhánuṣ-, s. u.).

    Dazu vlat. danea `area' (Reichenauer Gl.), ahd. tenni n., mhd. tenne m. f. n., nhd. Tenne `geebneter Lehm- oder Bretterboden als Dreschplatz, Hausflur, Boden, Platz, Fläche überhaupt', ndl. denne `area, pavimentum; tabulatum'; als `tennenartig glatt getretener Ort oder Ort, wo das Gras durch Daraufliegen niedergelegt ist, dadurch entstandene Vertiefung' läßt sich auch verstehen meeklenb. denn `Lagerstätte, niedergetretene Stelle im Korn', mnd. denne `Niederung' (und `Waldtal's. u.), mndl. denne `Lager wilder Tiere' (und `Waldtal', s. u.), dan `wüster, von Buschwerk umgebener Platz, Platz überhaupt, Land, Landschaft; Schlupfwinkel des Wildes' (und `Waldtal', s.u.), ags. denn `Höhle, Wildlager', nengl. den `Höhle, Grube', ofries. dann(e) `Beet, Gartenbeet, Ackerbeet'.

    Über lit. dẽnis m. `Deckbrett eines Kahns', lett. denis ds. (germ. Lw.?) s. Trautmann 51, Mühlenbach-Endzelin I 455.

References: WP. I 853.
Pages: 249
PIE database: PIE database
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