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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯ā́k`e ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: small
Russian meaning: маленький
Turkic: *čĀka
Mongolian: *čaka
Korean: *čjāk-, *čjǝ̄k-
Comments: SKE 20, EAS 64. Turkic forms are attested late and can be < Mong.; however, Turkm. čāGa with a long vowel is hard to explain as a loan. On the other hand, cf. Karakh. čekün 'young of marmot' (EDT 415), Evk. čekše 'tarbagan': if these words are related, the PA reconstruction should be changed to *č`ek`a.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čĀka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: new-born child
Russian meaning: новорожденный ребенок, детеныш
Turkish: čaɣa (dial.); čaɣa 'young of birds' (Old Osm. XIV c.)
Tatar: čaɣa
Middle Turkic: čaqa (Pav. C.), (Xwar.) čaqa 'young of birds' (Фазылов 2, 511)
Uzbek: čaqalɔq, (Tashk.) čaqa
Uighur: bala-čaqa 'children' (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: čaɣa
Turkmen: čāGa
Kirghiz: bala-čaqa 'children'
Kazakh: qɨzɨl šaqa 'quite naked (of young of animals)'
Noghai: bala-šaɣa 'children'
Karakalpak: qɨzɨl šaqa 'quite naked (of young of animals)'
Comments: VEWT 96, Менгес 1979, 170.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čaka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: new-born child
Russian meaning: новорожденный ребенок
Written Mongolian: čaqa (L 166)
Middle Mongolian: čaxun (~ ajaqa) 'small cup, pan' (HY 19)
Khalkha: cax
Ordos: ǯaxa 'inheritor'
Comments: Mong. > Tuva čaɣa 'bear cub' (Менгес 1979, 170).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *čjāk-, *čjǝ̄k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: small
Russian meaning: маленький
Modern Korean: čak-
Middle Korean: čjāk-, čjǝ̄k-
Comments: Nam 419, 425, KED 1386.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *cVḳV
Meaning: small
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *č`i̯ā́k`e ( ~ -u)
Kartvelian: *ć̣iḳ- (+ *ć̣uḳ- 253)
Dravidian: *čik-
References: ND 334 *c̣iḳV 'small'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣iḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: маленький
English meaning: small
Georgian: c̣iḳ- (dial.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): маленький, крошка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): small, crumb
Megrel: č̣iḳ-u
Notes and references: EWK 527. Ср., с одной стороны, ПСК *č̣ä̆kŭ / *č̣ä̆ḳŭ 'детеныш'; с другой стороны, алт. *sik`u 'маленький, мало'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *čik-
Meaning : small
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *čik-
Proto-Telugu : *cik-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *čik-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *čik-
Meaning : small
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cikka
Tamil meaning : in brief, in a nutshell
Malayalam : cikkiṇi
Malayalam meaning : young, small (said of girls)
Kannada : cikka, ciga
Kannada meaning : little, small, young
Kannada derivates : cīku smallness, littleness of size, used of grain and pulse; cikkatana childhood, youth
Kodagu : cikk-aḍake
Kodagu meaning : very young, tender areca-nut
Tulu : cikka
Tulu meaning : little, young, small, short
Tulu derivates : cikini tender, young, small; cikkè a dwarf; (B-K) cikkeli a small variety of mouse
Proto-Nilgiri : *Sik-
Miscellaneous : IRU cikkeḍu mosquito
Number in DED : 2495
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *Sik-
Meaning : mouse
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : cikn
Number in DED : 2495
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *cik-
Meaning : small, little
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : cikiciki
Number in DED : 2495
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *čik-
Meaning : mouse, rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *čik-āl
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *čik-āl
Meaning : muskrat; mouse
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : cikkāl "muskrat"
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : cikkal "muskrat"
Adilabad Gondi : cikkāl "(Su.) mouse"
Number in DED : 2495
Number in CVOTGD : 1304
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : small
Eurasiatic : *CVḳV
Afroasiatic : Cf. Omot. *č̣Vḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : *šdĭ́ḳwĂ
Reference : ND 334 (Omot.-Nostr.).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *šdĭ́ḳwĂ
Meaning: short
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ǯ_ĭḳwĂ / *ḳ_ĭǯwĂ
Yenisseian: *tu(ʔ)K-
Burushaski: *ćíki
Basque: *čiki
Comments and references : LDC 38. Cf. also PNC *ć̣_wǟqV 'few'; *č̣ä̆kŭ / *čä̆ḳŭ `young (of animals), boy' and Bur. Hun., Nag. ćā́kur `young man' (<> Sh. ćā́kur), as well as Kott. čūčuk 'puppy' - perhaps a different root.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ǯ_ĭḳwĂ / *ḳ_ĭǯwĂ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *č̣iḳ:ʷV-
Proto-Lezghian: *č:i[ḳ]V-
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳ́ač̣ʷǝ
Notes: An expressive root with two stops; in such cases metatheses and assimilations are common in NC languages (although this makes the reconstruction less secure). Cf. also Hurr. zugǝ 'small, short' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 41).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *č̣iḳ:ʷV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small, short (in height)
Chamalal: č̣iḳ:u-b
Comments: Attested only in Cham., but having possible external parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-chm,aandet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *č:i[ḳ]V-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Tabasaran: žiq:i
Agul: žaq:e-f
Rutul: ǯɨk-dɨ
Tsakhur: ?ǯiṭa-na
Comment: There are difficulties with the second consonant: the Tsakh. form may be explained as a contraction of *č:iK-t:V- (with an old adjective suffix); but the uvular in Tab. and Ag. is unclear.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 107.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ḳ́ač̣ʷǝ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Abkhaz: a-ḳ́áč̣
Adyghe: č̣́ač̣́ǝ
Kabardian: č̣aṣ́
Comments: PAK *ḳač̣́ǝ́. Identifying *ḳa as 'tail' and treating the PAK form as 'empty-tailed' (thus in Shagirov 2, 134) is obviously a folk etymology. The Abkh. word may be, but not necessarily is, an AK loanword (phonetic correspondences are quite regular here).
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *tuK-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: short
Kottish: thūki
Comments: ССЕ 289. Werner 2, 318 *thukǝ.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ćíki
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: small
Yasin: ćíki
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *čiki
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small
Bizkaian: txiki, txikin, txiker, txikar
Gipuzkoan: txiki, txiker, txikar
High Navarrese: txiki, ttiki
Low Navarrese: txiki
Lapurdian: txipi
Zuberoan: txipi
Roncalese: (Uztárroz) txikin
Comments: Most Vasconists impute common origin to several words for 'small' (*tipi, *čiki), though we think they were originally distinct and eventually blended in forms such as txipi (LAB,ZBR) and ttiki (ANV).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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