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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭ́mu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pinch, pluck (with fingers)
Russian meaning: щипать, хватать (пальцами)
Turkic: *čɨm-
Mongolian: *čim-
Tungus-Manchu: *č[i]m-
Korean: *čum
Japanese: *túm-
Comments: Poppe 26, JOAL 98, АПиПЯЯ 76; TMN 3, 99 ("möglich, daß hier ein Zusammenhang besteht...Jedoch sind die Wörter anscheinend expressiv, daher nicht gut als urverwandt vergleichbar.")
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čɨm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pinch 2 a pinch, thimbleful
Russian meaning: 1 щипать, брать щипком 2 щипок, щепотка
Turkish: čimdik, čimǯik 2
Tatar: čemče-t-, čemče-n- 1, čemček 2
Middle Turkic: čimdi- 1, čimdik 2 (Pav. C.), (CCum.) čɨmdɨ- 1
Uzbek: čim-, čimči-, čimči-la-, čimdi-, čimi-t- 1, čimdi-m 2
Uighur: čimdi-, čimqi- 1, čɨmdim 2
Sary-Yughur: ǯ́ume- 'to pick out, pull out'
Azerbaidzhan: čimdik-le- 1, čimdik 2
Turkmen: čümmük 2
Khakassian: čɨmǯɨ-la- 1, čɨmčɨx 2
Shor: šimči- 1, šimčik 2
Oyrat: čɨmčɨ- 1, čɨmčɨ-m 2
Chuvash: čǝbǝt- 1, čǝptǝm, čǝpkǝm 2 (?)
Tuva: šɨmčɨ- 1, šɨmčɨm 2
Tofalar: šɨmǯɨ- 1, šɨmǯɨm 2
Kirghiz: čɨmčɨ-, čɨmčɨ-la- 1, čɨmčɨm 2
Kazakh: šɨmšɨ-, šɨmšɨ-la- 1
Noghai: šɨmtɨ- 1, šɨmqɨm 2
Bashkir: semte- 1, semte-m 2
Balkar: čimdi- 1
Gagauz: čimdik 2
Karaim: čimde- 1, čimdik 2, cɨmda-, čɨmda- 'to bite'
Karakalpak: šɨmšɨ-, šɨmšɨ-la- 1, šɨm, šɨmšɨm 2
Comments: VEWT 108, TMN 3, 99, Егоров 323, Федотов 2, 413. Chuv. čǝbǝt- is phonetically strange; it may reflect a secondary denasalization (Мудрак Дисс. 50), but may actually be a trace of a different root, cf. PA *č`íp`ú or *č`abo.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čim-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to pinch 2 a pinch
Russian meaning: 1 щипать 2 щипок
Written Mongolian: čimki-, čimči- (L 185) 1; čim 2
Khalkha: čimxe- 1
Buriat: šemxe- 1
Kalmuck: čimkǝ-, čimčǝ- 1
Ordos: čimke-
Baoan: čoŋGǝ- 1
Dagur: čuēk 2
Shary-Yoghur: čimke 2
Monguor: ćiŋgi- (SM 453) 1; ćimō- 'cueillir'
Comments: KW 440, MGCD 571. Mong. > Oyr. čimči- etc. (VEWT 111).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *č[i]m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to grip with claws 2 to pick one's teeth 3 to pinch
Russian meaning: 1 хватать когтями 2 ковырять в зубах 3 брать щепотку
Evenki: čomdokolō- 3
Negidal: čimŋet- 2 (Цинциус 1982)
Literary Manchu: čamna- 1
Nanai: čimi- 'поджать под себя ноги' (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 375, 406. Vocalism is hard to reconstruct: aberrations are probably due to the root's expressive nature.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *čum
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fist, handful
Russian meaning: кулак, горсть
Modern Korean: čūm, čumǝk
Middle Korean: čúm, čùmǝ̀kúi
Comments: Nam 433, 434, KED 1496, 1509. Original tone is not quite clear.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *túm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pluck (with fingers)
Russian meaning: срывать, хватать (пальцами)
Old Japanese: tum-
Middle Japanese: túm-
Tokyo: tsùm-
Kyoto: tsúm-
Kagoshima: tsúm-
Comments: JLTT 775.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *cimu ( ~ *č-, č`-)
Meaning: to pinch, pluck
Altaic: *č`ĭ́mu
Dravidian: SDR *čim- (SDR 2169; DEDR 2540)
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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