Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *bĕ̀dù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thick, large
Russian meaning: толстый, крупный
Turkic: *bEdü-k
Mongolian: *bediɣün, *büdüɣün
Tungus-Manchu: *burgu-
Korean: *pɨ̀rɨ̀-
Japanese: *pùtuà-
Comments: Gombocz 1905, KW 66, Poppe 53 (Turk.-Mong.), Martin 243-244, АПиПЯЯ 16, 68, 72, 280, Дыбо 12. Verbal low tone in Kor. Doerfer's (TMN 1, 235; 4, 275) criticism of the Turk.-Mong. match ("lautgesetzlich nicht vergleichbar;...passen im Vokalismus nicht...") is incorrect, because *-e- is well reconstructable for Proto-Mongolian. PTM *burgu is a contraction < *bedu-rgu (a similar phonetic development cf. in PTM *xürgü 'tail' < *k`i̯udo-rgV). In Kor. one would expect *pùrɨ̀-; the attested pɨ̀rɨ̀- is an obvious result of vocalic assimilation.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *bEdü-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 big 2 high
Russian meaning: 1 большой, крупный 2 высокий
Old Turkic: bedük 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: beδük 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: büjük 1
Tatar: bijek 2
Middle Turkic: bejik 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bujuk 1, 2
Uighur: büjük 1, 2
Sary-Yughur: bezɨk 1
Azerbaidzhan: böjük 1
Turkmen: bejik 2
Khakassian: pözǝk 1, 2
Shor: mözük 2
Oyrat: bijik 2
Halaj: bidik/büdük 1
Tuva: bedik 2
Tofalar: bedik 2
Kirghiz: bijik 1
Kazakh: bijik 1
Noghai: bijik 1
Bashkir: bejek 1
Balkar: mijik 1
Gagauz: bǖk 1
Karaim: büjüḱ 1
Karakalpak: bijik 1
Kumyk: bijik 2
Comments: VEWT 67, EDT 299-301, ЭСТЯ 2, 288-290. PT *bedü-k 'big, high' is derived from *bedü- 'to become bigger, grow' (OT bedü-, Tur. büjü-, SUygh. pezi-, Az. böjü-, Khal. bidi-, Tuva bedi-, Gag. bǖ-, Karaim büjü-).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *bediɣün, *büdüɣün
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick
Russian meaning: толстый
Written Mongolian: büdügün, bidügün (L 144)
Middle Mongolian: bid[o]n (IM), bidun (MA)
Khalkha: büdǖn
Buriat: büdǖn
Kalmuck: büdǖn, bödǖn
Ordos: büdǖn, bidǖn
Dongxian: biedun
Baoan: beidoŋ
Dagur: budūn (Тод. Даг. 128), budun (MD 126)
Shary-Yoghur: budǖn
Monguor: budin (SM 31), bidun (Huzu)
Mogol: beidǖn; ZM beidun (18-3a)
Comments: KW 66, MGCD 173. The South.-Mong. (Dong., Bao.), as well as Mog. beidǖn (ZM beidun) and the Manchu loanword bedun (see TMN 1, 234) indicate that the original vowel was *e (*bedi-ɣün), with subsequent assimilation in most dialects. Mong. > Yak. bödöŋ 'high'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *burgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fat, thick
Russian meaning: толстый, жирный
Evenki: burgu
Even: bergъ
Negidal: bojgo
Ulcha: boǯo(n)
Orok: boddo(n)
Nanai: bujgu
Oroch: boggo
Udighe: bogo
Solon: burgu
Comments: ТМС 1, 112.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *pɨ̀rɨ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick, satiated
Russian meaning: толстый, сытый
Modern Korean: purɨ-
Middle Korean: pɨ̀rɨ̀-
Comments: Nam 270, KED 813.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *pùtuà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thick 2 big
Russian meaning: 1 толстый 2 большой
Old Japanese: putwo- 1
Middle Japanese: fùtò- 1
Tokyo: futó- 1
Kyoto: fúto- 2
Kagoshima: futó- 2
Comments: JLTT 829.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *bVdV
Meaning: thick
Altaic: *bĕ̀dù
Uralic: *piδe ( ~ -kä)
Dravidian: *pod-
References: ND 282 *biǯU(-qV) 'big, high', 174a *büd(V)ʡV 'be thick' - with a confusion of Alt. *bĕ̀dù and *bēǯu; the roots actually differ only in Sem. parallels (for which there are no SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 770
Proto: *piδe ( ~ -kä)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: high, long
German meaning: hoch, lang
Finnish: pitkä (comp. pitempi ~ pidempi) 'lang', dial. pitevä 'lang und schmal', pitelä 'lang'
Estonian: pikk (gen. pika), dial. pitk (gen. pitka) 'lang'
Khanty (Ostyak): pĕt (DN), pȧ̆l (O) 'hoch', pĕlät (V), pĕtȧt (Kr.), pȧ̆lȧt (O) 'Höhe, Länge, hoch, lang'
Mansi (Vogul): tǝ pǟlt (KU) 'so lange wie', pǟlt (P) 'Länge; so lang wie', palit (N) 'Länge, Entfernung'
Hungarian: fël, föl 'aufwärts, hinauf; dial. Oberfläche, der obere Teil eines Dinges', fëlëtt, fölött, fölé (postp.) 'über', fënn, fönn, fënt, fönt (adv.) 'oben'
Nenets (Yurak): pirće (O) 'hoch'; pir (O) 'Höhe; Betrag'
Enets (Yen): fid́e (Ch.), fise (B) 'hoch'; пы́рро 'высоко'; filo'io (B) 'sehr hoch'
Nganasan (Tawgi): fira 'hoch, gewachsen'
Selkup: pirgä (Ta.), pirgα, pirgз (Ke.), perg, pĕrg(a) (N), pürg (TyM) 'hoch'; piri̮ (Ta.) 'Höhe, Größe', piirз (NP) 'Höhe'
Kamass: pшrže 'Statur; hoch, groß'
Janhunen's version: (79, 80, 29) *pidi
Sammalahti's version: *pidi
Addenda: Koib. прицэ; Mot. пыргэ 'крутое место'; Taig. хырге́, hырги́
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *pod-
Meaning : to increase, swell
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pod-
Proto-Telugu : *pod-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *pod-
Meaning : thick; crowded; to swell
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : potir (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to swell, increase, abound
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to swell, become enlarged; poti fullness, stoutness; potuḷu (potuḷi-) to be thick, close, or crowded, be luxuriant, prosper, thrive
Malayalam : potiruka
Malayalam meaning : to be enlarged
Kannada : podaẓ
Kannada meaning : to come forth, spring up, become conspicuous, famous, or well known, come in sight, have currency, be used or employed
Kannada derivates : podaẓke arising, appearing, conspicuousness; podaẓcu to bring about, perform
Tulu : podaluni
Tulu meaning : to come out, rise up
Tulu derivates : (B-K) podulu to rise up
Number in DED : 4504
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *pod-
Meaning : to prosper, flourish, increase
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : podalu
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : poduru "to blossom, flower"
Number in DED : 4504
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_kr,telet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
14142711008
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov