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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bā̀k`ù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a sharp instrument
Russian meaning: острое орудие, инструмент
Turkic: *bokursɨ
Mongolian: *baki
Tungus-Manchu: *bāgba
Japanese: *pukusi
Comments: PT *bokursɨ probably < *bakursɨ (with a vowel narrowing in the first syllable of a trisyllabic word); PTM *bāgba < *bāk-ba through assimilation. Note a remarkable similarity of the Turkic and Japanese derivation. Cf. other similar roots: *p`i̯ùgV, *pŏ̀k`è, *p`ū̀ge, *p`àgò.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bokursɨ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wooden plough, ploughshare
Russian meaning: деревянный плуг, соха
Old Turkic: boqursɨ (OUygh: YB)
Karakhanid: boqursɨ (MK)
Uighur: boqusa, buqusa (Jarr.)
Kirghiz: būrsun
Comments: EDT 319. Voicing *-k- > -g- > -0- in Kirgh. is unclear. Molnar's (Molnár 2001) etymology < Sanskr. vi-karṣati presupposes an unattested derivative and is generally quite dubious.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *baki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tongs
Russian meaning: щипцы
Written Mongolian: baki
Khalkha: bax́
Buriat: baxinsag 'багор'
Kalmuck: bakǝ
Comments: KW 29.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bāgba
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 stake, bar, spear 2 to delve with a stake, spear 3 to hit (with a stake, stick)
Russian meaning: 1 пешня, лом, копье 2 долбить пешней, копьем 3 бить (палкой или другим твердым предметом)
Even: baɣъ̣q- 3
Negidal: bābga 1
Literary Manchu: bo- 2, bon 1
Ulcha: baGba 1
Orok: bābGa ~ bāGba 1
Nanai: baGba 1
Udighe: bagba- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 61-62.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pukusi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: digging stick
Russian meaning: палка-копалка
Old Japanese: pukusi
Comments: JLTT 417.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bEḲV
Meaning: a k. of arrow, sharp instrument
Altaic: *bā̀k`ù
Uralic: *pekše
Dravidian: *bak- (*v-) (?) (or *pagaṛ-i SDr3191)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *pequl (~ -k-) Chuk 1052 'женский нож'
References: Tyler 7 (U-D)
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 747
Proto: *pekše
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: arrow (with a blunt tip?)
German meaning: Pfeil (mit stumpfer Spitze?)
Mari (Cheremis): pikš (KB U B), pikś (M) 'Pfeil'
Udmurt (Votyak): puki̮š, puki̮č (S) pukǝ̑š (K) 'Pfeil', pukị̑č (G) 'Bogen'
Khanty (Ostyak): pö̆ɣ (V) 'Pfeil mit dicker hölzerner Spitze, stumpfer Eichhornpfeil'
Mansi (Vogul): liɣǝnpāχtnǝ-piwǝt"keil mit stumpfer Spitze für die Eichhörnchenjagd'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *bak- (*v-) (?)
Meaning : claws
Proto-North Dravidian : *bakā
dravet-meaning,dravet-ndr,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *bakā
Meaning : claws
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : bakkā "claws of a crab, forceps, shears"
Malto : bake "forceps"
Number in DED : 3814
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

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