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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ā́li
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to deceive, trick
Russian meaning: обманывать, подшучивать
Turkic: *Āl
Mongolian: *aliɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *ali-, *alak-
Korean: *ìrbǝ̀ń-
Japanese: *ira-p-
Comments: PKE 21. Ramstedt cites Kor. ari- 'angry', but all dictionaries available to us only have ari- 'bitter, pungent'. A suffixed form *ā́li-bV may be probably recovered in Mong. albin, Kor. *ìrbǝ́ń- (and perhaps also PT *alba-stɨ) and PJ *ira-p-.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Āl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 device, trick, deceit 2 to deceive
Russian meaning: 1 обман, хитрость 2 обманывать
Old Turkic: al 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.), al-ta- 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: āl 1 (MK, KB), alda- (MK)
Turkish: âl 1, aldat- 2
Tatar: alda- 2
Middle Turkic: al 1, alda- 2
Uzbek: alda- 2
Uighur: aldi- 2
Azerbaidzhan: al 1 (dial.), al-da-n- 'to be deceived, to err'
Turkmen: āl 1, ālda- 2
Khakassian: alda- 2
Shor: alda- 2
Kirghiz: alda- 2
Kazakh: alda- 2
Noghai: alda- 2
Bashkir: alda- 2
Balkar: alda- 2
Karakalpak: alda- 2
Kumyk: al 1, alda- 2
Comments: EDT 120-121, TMN 2, 93, ЭСТЯ 1, 126-127. A discussion of albastɨ ( = Mong. albin) see in TMN 2, 109-110. Turk. *āl-da- > Mong. alda- 'to deceive' (MA, cf. also TMN 2, 116, Щербак 1997, 97) > Evk. alda- etc. (Doerfer MT 109). On Mong. alda- 'to lose' see *ā̀le 'weak, tired'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aliɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 frolic, tricksy 2 to deceive
Russian meaning: 1 игривый, шаловливый 2 обманывать
Written Mongolian: alija 1 (L 32), alašira- 2 (Ko 74)
Middle Mongolian: alija (SH, Козин) 1
Khalkha: alia 1
Buriat: aĺā 1
Kalmuck: aĺā, äĺǟn 1
Ordos: aĺā
Dagur: ǝlē 1
Comments: KW 6, 22. Cf. also albin 'devil, evil spirit' ( > Yak., Dolg. albɨn 'deception, liar' (Kaɫ. MEJ 56, Stachowski 31).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ali-, *alak-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be angry 2 to endure 3 to regret 4 to envy
Russian meaning: 1 сердиться 2 терпеть 3 сожалеть, каяться 4 завидовать
Evenki: ali- 1
Even: alêl- 1
Negidal: alị- 1, alaxị- 4
Literary Manchu: aĺa- 3
Ulcha: alị- 2
Nanai: alị- 2, alaqị 4
Oroch: ali- 2
Solon: aĺē̂-, alī- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 29, 32.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ìrbǝ̀ń-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to steal
Russian meaning: воровать
Middle Korean: ìrpǝ̀ń-, ìrwǝ̀s-
Comments: Nam 405.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ira-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to play, tamper with; concern oneself with
Russian meaning: играть, возиться, совать куда-л. нос
Middle Japanese: iraf-
Comments: JLTT 698.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *HalV
Meaning: to be angry
Indo-European: *HalVw- (cf. also *alk-)
Altaic: *ā́li
Uralic: *alV- 'to condemn, bewitch'
Kartvelian: *ɣel-
Dravidian: ?*aḷu- 'to prick; be angry' (DEDR 304) [Tel. *al- 'to be angry' (158) + Kannada]
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(a)lew- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: anger
Hittite: halluwai- c. 'Streit, Zank', Luw. halwat- 'Protest?'
Old Greek: alǘō, aeol. alǘi̯ō (EM) 'to be deeply stirred, excited'; aléomai (prs. ptc. aleu̯ómenoi Hes., aleu̯meünǟ Semon.), aor. aleuámǟn, aor. aléast hai, -éu̯a- 'to avoid, shun'
Russ. meaning: гнев
References: Tischler 137-138, Frisk 1, 80 (differently in Pok.)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 9
Proto: *alV-
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to bewitch, conjure, condemn
German meaning: Zauberworte hersagen, verzaubern
Mordovian: alta-, alvta- (E) 'versprechen', alsta- 'versprechen, zusagen, weichen; verwünschen'
Mari (Cheremis): ulte- 'beten', ulδa- 'молиться'
Khanty (Ostyak): ali̮l- (V) 'fluchen, verfluchen; schelten, schimpfen; verzaubern'
Hungarian: áld- 'segnen; (altung.) opfern', áldoz- 'opfern; das heilige Abendmahl nehmen'; ? átok 'Fluch', átkoz- 'fluchen, verfluchen, verwünschen'
K. Reshetnikov's notes: It is possible that Hun. átok and átkoz- belong to another root - see *att3 (1747); see also Notes in UGRET 9.
References: MUSz. 731; EtSz.; SzófSz.; MSzFgrE; TESz.
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-khn,uralet-ugr,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: волноваться
English meaning: to bother
Georgian: ɣel-
Megrel: ɣal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): пугаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be scared
Notes and references: EWK 387. Ср. алт. *ali 'сердиться, нервничать', драв. *aḷu- 'сердиться'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *aḷ-
Meaning : to fear, be afraid
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *al-uk-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *aḷ-
Meaning : to fear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aḷukku (aḷukki-)
Tamil meaning : to be perturbed, frightened
Malayalam : aḷukkuka
Malayalam meaning : to start, shrink, cramp of limbs
Malayalam derivates : aḷukkam awe, fear; aḷarkka to lament, cry; aḷarcca bellowing; aḷappu shriek
Kannada : aḷar_, aḷaku, aḷiku, aḷuku, aḷku, aḷkar_
Kannada meaning : to fear
Kannada derivates : aḷar_isu, aḷakisu, aḷikisu to frighten; aḷar_, aḷaku, aḷku, aḷarpu fear, anguish; aḷasu sound in coitu
Tulu : alkuni, aḷkuni
Tulu meaning : to be afraid, start, shudder
Tulu derivates : alkụ timidity; timid, frightened
Number in DED : 0306
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *al-uk-
Meaning : to be afraid; n. fear, dread
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : aluku
Additional forms : Also aḷuku = aluku n.; aḷukari coward
Number in DED : 306
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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