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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ā̀pi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to enjoy, rest
Russian meaning: быть довольным, праздным
Turkic: *(i)abɨ-
Mongolian: *abu-ra-
Tungus-Manchu: *ā(b)-
Korean: *ìpàt-
Japanese: *ìpà-p-
Comments: Low tone in Kor. is due to the root's verbal nature. Semantic development is modified by changes in diathesis (e.g. in Mongolian 'save' < 'comfort' < 'cause to enjoy' etc.).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *(i)abɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to enjoy oneself, be happy (refl.) 2 to comfort (caus.)
Russian meaning: 1 радоваться, быть счастливым 2 утешать, успокаивать
Old Turkic: abɨnɨq 'consolation' (USp. 43), avɨn-ču 'concubine' (YB 1)
Karakhanid: avɨn- 1 (MK), avɨt- 2 (KB)
Turkish: avun- 1, avut- 2, 'to deceive'
Middle Turkic: awut- 2, awun- 'to find comfort' (Sangl.)
Uzbek: ɔvun- 1, ɔvut- 2
Azerbaidzhan: ovun- 1, ovut- 2
Khakassian: abɨt- 'to lull'
Shor: abɨt- 'to lull'
Halaj: avun- 1, avut- 2
Yakut: ɨa-hax 'play'
Dolgan: ɨa-hak 'play'
Tuva: aat- 'to lull'
Tofalar: aat- 'to lull'
Gagauz: aut- 'to deceive'
Karaim: avun-, uvun- 'to be consoled', uvut- 2
Comments: EDT 7, 12; VEWT 2, ЭСТЯ 1, 66, Stachowski 257. The meaning 'to lull' may belong to the homonymic *(i)abu- 'to bend, swing', on which see under *i̯ằp[ò].
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *abu-ra
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to save
Russian meaning: спасать
Written Mongolian: abura- (L 6)
Middle Mongolian: abura- (HY 39, SH)
Khalkha: avra-
Buriat: abar-
Kalmuck: awṛ-
Ordos: awura-
Dagur: avra- (Тод. Даг. 118)
Comments: KW 20. Mong. > Yak. abrā-, Dolg. abɨrā-, Koman abra- etc. (VEWT 2, Щербак 1997, 199, Kaɫ. MEJ 41, Stachowski 27); > Chuv. upra- 'to preserve' (Róna-Tas 1971-1972).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ā(b)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sleep 2 to lie 3 to entertain
Russian meaning: 1 спать 2 лежать 3 заинтересовать, развлекать
Evenki: ā- 1
Even: awụn- 3
Negidal: ā- 1
Ulcha: aụ- ~ aw- 1, 2
Orok: ā(wụ)- 1, 2
Nanai: ao- 1, 2
Oroch: ā- 1
Solon: ā-š́in- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 2, 10 (should be distinguished from *ām- q. v. sub *ā̀mV). Loss of *-b- in some forms is in this case probably secondary (analogical, based on the reanalysis of the root element *-b- as a verbal suffix).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ìpàt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 feast 2 to provide, entertain, help
Russian meaning: 1 праздник 2 снабжать, предоставлять, помогать
Modern Korean: ibaǯi ha- 2
Middle Korean: ìpàtí 1, ìpàt- 2
Comments: Nam 400, KED 1329.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ìpà-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to enjoy, feast, celebrate
Russian meaning: праздновать
Old Japanese: ipa-p-
Middle Japanese: ìfà-f-
Tokyo: iwá-
Kyoto: íwá-
Kagoshima: ìwà-
Comments: JLTT 700.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔabV
Meaning: to defend (cf. 147)
Altaic: *ā̀bi
Uralic: BF *apV 'help'
References: ND 1880 *qapuRV 'protect, help' ( + Arab.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-reference,

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