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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ara
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: вид насекомого
Mongolian: *araɣalǯin
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)arabgī
Japanese: *ari
Comments: The root denotes some small biting insect.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *araɣalǯin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: spider
Russian meaning: паук
Written Mongolian: araɣalǯin, aɣalǯin
Khalkha: ālʒ
Kalmuck: arālǯn
Dagur: āleǯi, agaleǯi
Comments: KW 12. There is some confusion between this form and *haba-kai id. (v. sub *p`ép`a) - which resulted in a mixed form *haɣalǯin, reflected in MMong. (HY 12) xa'alǯin - however, the Dagur form definitely points to a 0-Anlaut in PM.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)arabgī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: larva of a gad-fly
Russian meaning: личинка носоглоточного овода
Evenki: arawgī
Even: arъ̣bgъ̣n
Negidal: ajịbgịn
Comments: ТМС 1, 52.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ari
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ant
Russian meaning: муравей
Old Japanese: ari
Middle Japanese: ari
Tokyo: àri
Kyoto: árí
Kagoshima: arí
Comments: JLTT 384. Kyoto and Tokyo point to *árí, but Kagoshima reflects an aberrant variant with initial low tone.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVrV
Meaning: a k. of insect
Indo-European: *orik-
Altaic: *ara
Dravidian: *er_umb-
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(e)rik-
Meaning: louse, tick
Old Indian: likṣā f. `nit, young louse'
Armenian: orǯil, oǯil `Nisse, Lausei'
Baltic: *ar̂k-iā̃ (1) f.
Latin: ricinus, -ī m. `Ungeziefer an Schafen (Holzbock?), Hunden, beim Rind; Laus'
Albanian: erg̨is 'kleine Laus'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (вошь, клещ)
References: WP II 343 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *er̂k-iā̃ (1) f.
Meaning: tick
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: érkē, árkē `Milbe, Zecke, Holzbock'
Lettish: ẽrce `Kuhmilbe, Buschlaus, Holzbock, Zecke'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *er_umb-
Meaning : ant
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *er_umb-/*ir_umb-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *er_umb-/*ir_umb-
Meaning : ant
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : er_umpu, er_umpi, ir_umpi, ur_avi
Tamil meaning : ant
Malayalam : er_umpu, ir_umpu, ur_umpu
Malayalam meaning : ant
Kannada : ir_umpu, ir_umpe, ir_upe, ir_ive, ir_ave, ir_uvu, ir_uve, irvu, irve, (Hav.) erugu
Kannada meaning : ant
Kodagu : urupɨ
Kodagu meaning : ant
Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_b
Number in DED : 0864
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *ir_b
Meaning : ant
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : irb
Toda : ɨrb
Notes : Final *-r_b is reconstructed (a) based on external data and (b) since *-rb regularly > Kota, Toda -b (see *irb, *karb).
Number in DED : 864
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

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