Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *àpo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to wear out, be spoiled
Russian meaning: изнашиваться, портиться
Turkic: *obu-ra- / *obu-n-
Mongolian: *ebe-
Tungus-Manchu: *abu-
Japanese: *àpà-
Comments: Cf. *ebí.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *obu-ra- / *obu-n-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to wear out (intr.), decay 2 to cease, stop 3 to tire 4 to be destroyed
Russian meaning: 1 изнашиваться, стареть 2 прекращаться 3 уставать 4 развалиться, разрушиться
Tatar: uwa-l-, wa-l- 1, 3, 4 (dial., ТТДС 112, 451)
Khakassian: ūra- 1
Oyrat: ūra- 1
Chuvash: ɨvъn- 3
Yakut: ūraj- 2
Kirghiz: ura- 4
Comments: VEWT 356, 515. Kalm. ōr- 'to fall apart, become spoiled' may be < Turkic, but the immediate source is unclear (Tat.?). The Chuv. form may be a dialectal variant of ɨlъn-, see Егоров 342, Федотов 2, 468.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *ebe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be ill 2 to weaken 3 illness
Russian meaning: 1 болеть 2 изнемогать, обессилеть 3 болезнь
Written Mongolian: ebed- 1 (L 286), ebere- 2
Middle Mongolian: ebet- (SH), ebečin 3 (HYt), äbdä- (IM), ibä̆d- (MA) 1
Khalkha: övd- 1, övrö- 2
Buriat: übde- 1, übešen 3
Kalmuck: öwdǝ- 1
Ordos: öwöd- 1, öwöčin 3
Dongxian: otu- 1 (Тод. Дн. 132)
Baoan: vete- 1 (Тод. Бн. 136), (MGCD) ɛtǝ- 1
Dagur: eude- 1, eur 3 (Тод. Даг. 141, MD 146)
Shary-Yoghur: wēd- 1
Monguor: (w)idi-, udi- 1 (SM 188, 464), (Тод. Мгр. 368)
Mogol: ebätu-; ZM ebätun 'pain' (4-7a)
Comments: KW 302, MGCD 536.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *abu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lack, be insufficient 2 to become exhausted, lean 3 to be tired 4 to bleed
Russian meaning: 1 недоставать, не хватать 2 худеть, чахнуть 3 уставать, обессилевать 4 истекать кровью
Evenki: abul- 1, abu- 4
Even: abъ̣l- 1
Negidal: abụl- 1
Literary Manchu: absa- 2, abuliqabi 3
Ulcha: abụlị- 1
Orok: abụlị- 1
Nanai: abolị- 1
Oroch: abuli- 1
Udighe: abuli- 1
Solon: abụl- 1
Comments: ТМС 1,6-7. It is interesting to compare the Evk. form abu- with OT (8th cent.) ab- 'to bleed' (EDT 4) - perhaps a separate root? Note the irregular preservation of *-b- in all languages, possibly suggesting an early loan from Manchu. TM > Dag. abila- (Тод. Даг. 118).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *àpà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bleak, weak, faded
Russian meaning: бледный, слабый
Middle Japanese: àfà-
Tokyo: awá-
Kyoto: áwa-
Kagoshima: awá-
Comments: JLTT 826.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *apV
Meaning: to end up, wear out, be destroyed
Altaic: *àpo (cf. also *ebí 410)
Dravidian: *aví-
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *aví-
Meaning : to destroy; to extinguish; to be tired
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *avi-
Proto-Telugu : *avi-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *avi-
Notes : The variation in close, but different meanings suggests that the root may have been open to semantic contamination with several others (cf. in particular Tamil forms with initial n- which are contaminated phonetically as well). Konḍa namb- 'to cool down (fire)' is given by Burrow & Emeneau as a questionable cognate, but is certainly a different root (there is no way whatsoever that it could correspond to Gondi aviyānā 'to be tired'!). // Present in 3/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *avi-
Meaning : to repress; to perish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : avi (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become repressed, subdued, cease, desist from action, become extinguished, fail, diminish, perish
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to suppress, repress, subdue, extinguish, destroy; avivu extinction, annihilation; navi (-pp-, -tt-), naviẓ (-pp-, -tt-) to extinguish
Malayalam : avikka, amikka
Malayalam meaning : to destroy
Kannada : avi
Kannada meaning : to go out, be extinguished, perish
Proto-Nilgiri : *avĭ-
Notes : Tamil navi and naviẓ are a rather obvious result of contamination between this stem and PSDR *navai- ~ *namai- 'to trouble, etc.'.
Number in DED : 0267
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *avĭ-
Meaning : to calm down (intr.), cease talking
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : ofy- (ofs-)
Additional forms : Also Toda ofy- (ofc-) to calm (tr.), make to cease talking
Number in DED : 267
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *avi-
Meaning : to be destroyed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : aviyu
Number in DED : 267
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *avi-
Meaning : to be tired
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *avi-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *avi-
Meaning : to be tired
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Koya Gondi : ayv- "to be tired, exhausted"
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : avkānā "to tire"
Adilabad Gondi : aviyānā "(SR) to be tired"
Notes : The intransitive form is *avi-; the opposite transitive one is *av-k-.
Number in DED : 267
Number in CVOTGD : 101
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-notes,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
6234202134
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov