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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ắni
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: very
Russian meaning: очень
Turkic: *eŋ
Mongolian: *aŋ-ka
Tungus-Manchu: *ana-
Korean: *àńí
Comments: SKE 5, EAS 119. Turkic and Mongolian reflect a suffixed form *ắni-k`V, with assimilation *-n- > *-ŋ- (and further reduction in Turkic).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *eŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: very
Russian meaning: очень
Old Turkic: (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: (KB)
Turkish: en
Tatar:
Uzbek:
Uighur: äŋ
Sary-Yughur: jeŋ
Azerbaidzhan: än
Turkmen:
Khakassian: iŋ, dial. niŋ
Shor:
Oyrat:
Yakut: eŋin 'diverse, various'
Dolgan: eŋin-eŋin 'diverse'
Tuva:
Kirghiz:
Kazakh:
Noghai:
Bashkir:
Balkar:
Gagauz: heŋ
Karaim: eŋk
Karakalpak:
Comments: VEWT 45, EDT 166, ЭСТЯ 1, 365-366, Stachowski 43. Turk. > Mong. eŋ, see TMN 2, 130.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aŋ-ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 original 2 very, extremely
Russian meaning: 1 первоначально, -ый; 2 очень, чрезвычайно
Written Mongolian: aŋqa(n) (L 45)
Middle Mongolian: aŋqa (SH) 2, anqani quina 'quite behind'(MA 103)
Khalkha: anx(an) 1
Buriat: anxa(n) 1
Kalmuck: aŋxǝn 1
Ordos: aŋxan 1
Dagur: aŋke 1 (MD 115)
Monguor: 1 (SM 9)
Comments: KW 11-12. Mong. > Kirgh. aŋqɨ- 'be first'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ana-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: very
Russian meaning: очень
Nanai: anam
Oroch: ana, anī, anu
Comments: ТМС 1, 41.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *àńí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beginning, first, preliminary
Russian meaning: сначала, прежде всего, начерно
Modern Korean: ä-bǝl
Middle Korean: àńí
Comments: Nam 339, KED 1102.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVnV
Meaning: big, very
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ắni
Uralic: *enä (also *anV ~ *onV)
Eskimo-Aleut: *aŋ(u)-
References: ND 717 *Geǹ[ä] 'to be large, copious' (Turk.+Ur.+ Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 137
Proto: *enä
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: big, large, much, many
German meaning: groß, viel
Finnish: enää 'mehr, weiter, ferner', enempi 'mehr', eno 'Wasserfall, reißender Strom; Onkel (mütterlicher Seite)'
Estonian: enam, (S) enämb 'mehr', onu (S.) uno 'Oheim'
Saam (Lapp): ǣdnâg 'much (of), a lot (of); many' (N), ǟtna, ǟtnak (L) 'viel, viele', jienni̊g (T), ienneɣ (Kld.), ianneɣ́, jennaj (Not.), jennøj (A) 'viel; wie viel, wie viele', dædno ~ ædno -ǣn- 'the main river', ätnō (L) 'Fluß, Strom', je̯ä ̀n ̀uo͕ 'Bach', āeno, ed'nu ~ ēdnu (N) 'mother's brother, maternal uncle', ǟnoi, ädnu (L) 'jüngerer oder älterer Bruder od. Vetter der Mutter', jeanaj (T) 'Mutterbruder'
Mordovian: ińe (E), ińä (M) 'groß'
Udmurt (Votyak): uno (S), uno, úno (J), ị̑no (Uf.) 'viel' ?
Komi (Zyrian): una (S), una. (P PO) 'Menge; viel', un-aj (V) 'Oheim, älterer Bruder des Vaters'
Khanty (Ostyak): eṇǝ (V), enǝ (DN) 'dick; groß; älterer, ältester'
Mansi (Vogul): jinǝ.w (TJ), jänǝj (KU), jänǝɣ (P), janiɣ (So.) 'groß'
Nenets (Yurak): ńińeka (O) 'älterer Bruder, jüngerer Bruder des Vaters'
Enets (Yen): ina 'älterer Bruder'
Nganasan (Tawgi): aniʔe 'groß' ?, ńenne 'Bruder'
Selkup: innê, innɔ (NP) 'älterer Bruder'
Sammalahti's version: (FU?) *e/inä
K. Reshetnikov's notes: By Rédei, in this comparison is also involved Ngan. aniʔe 'big' (with ?), but I still prefer to link this form to other material (see URAET 13). It is not quite clear how to interpret some words meaning an elder (male) relative: FB-Lapp. *enoi 'maternal uncle', Komi un(-) 'uncle/aunt', Sam. *inä 'elder brother, father's younger brother'. In UEW, these words are listed as reflexes of the Proto-Uralic word in question, which is based on their phonetical shape as well as on a possibility of semantical development 'big > elder > elder brother, uncle' (note that in FB, Lapp. and Komi the first syllable vowels of respective forms are perfectly identic with those of forms meaning 'much, more' and 'big'). Such a solution doesn't seem unacceptable, but in URAET, I preliminarily treat this etymological group as a distinct one (see URAET 1801).
References: FUV; SKES; КЭСКЯ; DEWO 110; Budenz MUSz. 783, 857; Paas. Beitr. 19; Stein.Fgr.Vok. 50; Collinder CompGr. 134, 175-176, 376; ИВПЯ 21, 221;
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-samm2,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *aŋ(u)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: big
Russian meaning: большой
Proto-Yupik: *aŋ(u)-
Proto-Inupik: *aŋǝ-na-
Comments: Cf. the derivatives *aŋ(ǝ)-li- 'to grow up, to become bigger', *aŋ-tu- 'big, bigness'. Not related to *aŋu-nt 'man, old man, male animal'.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 32
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *aŋ(u)-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: big 1, great 2
Russian Meaning: большой 1, великий 2
Sirenik: aŋúla 'growth, age', //aŋǝpalaχ 'big one'
Chaplino: āŋǝlʁi, áŋulʁi* 1, áŋakuq* 2, aŋákuq* 'strong', aŋǝ́nǝq (ʁǝt) 'bigger', āŋǝrāʁinaq (t) superl.
Naukan: ánɫuk 1, aŋǝ́nǝχpíɣaq superl. 'biggest, great'
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: aŋǝ- 1
Chugach (Birket-Smith): aŋŋuq 2
Central Alaskan Yupik: aŋǝ- 1
Nunivak (Peripheral): aŋŋoχ* 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 32, 35
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ạŋǝ̣-na-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: big 1, wide, last long 2, too big for 3, to make too big (large) 4
Russian meaning: большой 1, широкий, необъятный 2, довольно большой для 3, делать большим, чем надо 4
Seward Peninsula Inupik: aŋnāq- 4
SPI Dialects: Imaq áɣnɨráqpiûroq superl. 1
North Alaskan Inupik: aŋɨ- 1, aŋ(ɨ)nāq- 4
NAI Dialects: B aŋiʁoq* 1, aŋilaʁa* 'to exceed sth. in its. size', Nu aknāq- 4
Western Canadian Inupik: aŋi- 1
WCI Dialects: Cor aŋijoq*, aŋivoq* 1, M aŋijoq* 1, aŋilaʁa* 'to exceed sth. in its. size'
Eastern Canadian Inupik: aŋi- 1, annitu- 2, aŋināq- 3
Greenlandic Inupik: aŋi- (angivoq*) 1, anniʁtu- (angnertu-*) 2, anniq (ʁ) 'bigger or biggest thing', annāʁ- 3
GRI Dialects: [EG anniq 'bearded seal]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 32
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVNV
Meaning : big, very
Eurasiatic : *ʔVnV
Afroasiatic : *ḥVnVʕ- 'fill, full' (cf. also Sem. *ɣny- compared with Nostr in ND)
Sino-Caucasian : (ST *ŋʷăH much, abundant' ?)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ḥVnVʕ-
Meaning: fill
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Egyptian: ḥnʕ 'fill' (gr)
Western Chadic: *ḥyan-H- 'fill'
Central Chadic: *hyan- 'fīll'
East Chadic: *ʔawVn- 'fill' 1, 'full' 2
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: ḥnʕ
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fill' (gr)
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *ḥyan-H-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fill'
Warji: yan- [SkNb]
Pa'a: ḥyaŋgù [MS]
Sayanchi: yúŋ [Cs]
Guruntum: ngyuni [Ja: 184]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-wrj,wchet-paa,wchet-say,wchet-gur,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *hyan-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fill'
Lame: yɛ́n- [Kr N 417]
Mesme: hen [Kr N 417]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-lam,cchet-msm,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *ʔawVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fill' 1, 'full' 2
Somrai: ʔwʌn 1 [CLR: 157]
Tumak: ān 1,2 [Cp]
Ndam: ʔǝ́nâ 1 [CLR]
Lele: wèén [Grg] 2
Kabalai: wòn 1,wònǝ́ 2 [CLR: 157]
Kwang: àn-če 1, ān-čin 2 [CLR]
Migama: ʔúnáw 1, ʔúnìntà 2 [JMig]
Mubi: wénì2 [CLR]
Birgit: ʔùní1, ʔúnán-tà 2[CLR]
Mokilko: ʔóónè 1 [JMkk]
Sokoro: wɛ̀ná 2 [CLR]
Notes: Mkk show a met: *ʔanUH- > ʔaHUn- > ʔoon-
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-tum,echet-ndm,echet-lle,echet-kbl,echet-kwn,echet-mig,echet-mub,echet-brg,echet-mkk,echet-sok,echet-notes,

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