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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *álikV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of small animal
Russian meaning: вид небольшого животного
Turkic: *Ălaŋɨr
Mongolian: *(h)alag-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)algi-n
Japanese: *írúká
Comments: In Turk. and Mong. the stem is associated with the reflexes of *ā́lV 'variegated' (q. v.), which is most probably a folk etymology. In Japanese the meaning 'dolphin' must be a secondary transformation of 'otter-like animal' (cf. the meaning 'otter' in TM).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Ălaŋɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of rat, jerboa
Russian meaning: вид крысы, тушканчик
Karakhanid: alaŋɨr (MK)
Middle Turkic: alaŋɣarat 'gros rat' (Pav. C. 30)
Turkmen: alaqa 'gopher', alaŋŋɨrt 'field mouse'
Comments: EDT 149.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)alag-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: jerboa
Russian meaning: тушканчик
Written Mongolian: alaɣdaɣa, alaɣdaqai (БАМРС)
Khalkha: alagdāx, algadāx
Buriat: alagdāgan
Comments: Formally - a compound meaning "variegated colt" (although one should note that the standard spelling for "colt" is WMong. daɣaɣan, Khalkha dāga). Mong. > Tuva alak-tāɣɨ 'jerboa' (reinterpreted as 'variegated lump'), Russ. Siber. alagdá, alagdáj (Аникин 79), Man. alaqdaχan (Rozycki 15).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)algi-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: otter (male)
Russian meaning: выдра (самец)
Negidal: algị̄
Literary Manchu: algin
Comments: ТМС 1, 30.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *írúká
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dolphin
Russian meaning: дельфин
Old Japanese: iruka
Middle Japanese: iruka
Tokyo: ìruka
Kyoto: írúká
Kagoshima: irúka
Comments: JLTT 426.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVlV
Meaning: a k. of small animal
Altaic: *álikV
Dravidian: *el-
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *èl-
Meaning : rat
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *el-i
Proto-Telugu : *el-ik-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *el-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *el-
Brahui : hal
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *el-i
Meaning : rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : eli
Tamil meaning : rat, bandicoot
Malayalam : eli
Malayalam meaning : rat
Kannada : eli, ili
Kannada meaning : rat, mouse
Kodagu : eli
Kodagu meaning : rat
Tulu : eli, ili
Tulu meaning : rat
Proto-Nilgiri : *elĭ
Number in DED : 0833
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *elĭ
Meaning : rat
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : eyj
Toda : is_y
Number in DED : 833
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *el-ik-
Meaning : rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : eluka
Dialectal forms (1) : elika (B)
Additional forms : Also ciṭṭ-eluka mouse
Number in DED : 833
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *el-
Meaning : rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : elka
Naikri : elka
Naiki : elli (pl. -g)
Parji : el (pl. elkul)
Ollari Gadba : sirel "mouse"
Number in DED : 833
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *el-
Meaning : rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *el-i
Konda : elka
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *el-i
Meaning : rat, mouse
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : allī (pl. alk)
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : allī "mouse"
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : allī (pl. alk) "rat"
Seoni Gondi : elli "rat"
Koya Gondi : ellu "(Su.) rat"
Yeotmal Gondi : elli "rat"
Adilabad Gondi : elli "rat"
Notes : The ending -u in Gondi_Ko is secondary (after *eli > *el).
Number in DED : 833
Number in CVOTGD : 367
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_y,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-notes,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : elka
Meaning: rat
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 833
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : hal
Meaning : rat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 833
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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