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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *áĺi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sand
Russian meaning: песок
Turkic: *Aĺu
Mongolian: *ele-sü
Tungus-Manchu: *al-
Japanese: *ísá-, *ísuá
Comments: PJ *ísuá < *ísá-gV; the root's similarity to *(d)isi `stone' is accidental (no -i/-a alternation exists in Japanese).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Aĺu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: red clay, ochre
Russian meaning: красная глина
Karakhanid: ašu (MK)
Turkish: ašɨ, dial. ašu, ašur, Osmanli ašu
Middle Turkic: ašɨ (AH 6)
Comments: VEWT 30, EDT 256, Лексика 376.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ele-sü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sand
Russian meaning: песок
Written Mongolian: elesü(n) (L 308)
Middle Mongolian: elesun (HY 'pebble' 3, SH)
Khalkha: els(en)
Buriat: elhe(n)
Kalmuck: elsṇ
Ordos: eles, elüsü, elesü
Dagur: eler (Тод. Даг. 139)
Comments: KW 120. Mong. > Evk. ellun, eldun 'stony place, Icelandic spar' (ТМС 2, 448).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *al-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dirt 2 to poach (in dirt) 3 bay, shore inlet
Russian meaning: 1 грязь 2 вязнуть 3 бухта в береге реки
Evenki: aldi- 2
Orok: alāq 1
Nanai: alian 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 29, 31.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ísá-, *ísuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sand 2 sea shore, beach
Russian meaning: морской берег, побережье
Old Japanese: isa-gwo 1, iswo 2
Middle Japanese: ísá-gó 1, ísó 2
Tokyo: isago 1, ìso 2
Kyoto: ísó
Kagoshima: íso
Hateruma: ìšòN 1
Yonakuni: ìčì-bùgù 1
Comments: JLTT 427.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *Haĺi
Meaning: clay, sand
Indo-European: *Hălei̯ǝ-
Altaic: *aĺi
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(a)ley-, *lyē- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to stick
Hittite: halina- 'clay' (Tischler 131-2)
Tokharian: A, B li(yā)- 'wipe away, cleanse oneself' (Adams 553)
Old Indian: lināti, láyate, lī́yate `to adhere; cling or press closely, stick to', ptc. līna-
Old Greek: epid. álinsi-s tọ̄̂ ergastēríọ̄; prs. inf. alínẹ̄̂n `aléi̯phẹ̄n' (Hsch.), aor. inf. alī̂nai `epalêipsai' (Hsch.) `bestreiche, salbe'
Baltic: *lai-[s]-ā̂ f., *lai-d-[a]- m.
Germanic: *laj-iz, *lai-z-a- n., m., *lai-z-ōn- f.; *lī-m-a- n., *lai-m-an- m., *lai-m-a- m., n.; *slī-m-a- n.
Latin: lino, -ere, lēvī, litum `schmieren, beschmieren, bestreichen, überziehen', linio, -īre `id.'; līmus, -ī m. `Bodenschlamm, Kot, Schmutz'
Celtic: *lin- > OIr lenaid, pf. rolil `folgen'; lenomnaib `lituris'; Bret linom `litura', as-lenaim `besudle, oblino'
Albanian: ĺeɵ `feuchter Ton, Erde, wie sie nach Austrocknung einer Regenpfutze übrigbleibt'
Russ. meaning: липнуть, лепить
References: WP II 389 f
Comments: sl- in some Germanic forms - probably on analogy with *sley- `smooth, sleek'; cf. lītó- `glatt, schlicht', lī́s, gen. lītós `glattes Tuch', lissǟ̀ pétrǟ `glatter Fels'
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *lai-[s]-ā̂ f., *lai-d-[a]- m.
Meaning: clay
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Prussian: layso f. `let (= Tonerde)' V. 27, laydis V. 25 `Lehm'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *lajiz, *laiza-n, *laiza-z, *laizōn; *līma-n, *laimēn, *laima-z, -n; *slīma-n
Meaning: clay
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: līm n. `Leim, Kalk'; leir n. `Lehm, Schlamm', leira f. `schlammige Stelle', leir-r m. `Lehm, Lehmboden'; slīm n. `Schleim'
Norwegian: lim; leir; leira; slim
Swedish: lim; ler; slem
Danish: lim; ler; slim
Old English: lām n. `Lehm, Humus', līm `Leim, Kalk'; slīm n. `slijk'
English: loam
Old Saxon: līm m. `lijm', lēmo m. (10./11.Jh.)
Middle Dutch: lijm n. (/m.?) `modder, speeksel, lijm'; leem, lēme, leim, liem; slijm n. `slijk'
Dutch: lijm m.; leem n., m.; slijm n., m.
Old Franconian: leimo m.
Middle Low German: slīm; lēm
Old High German: leim (um 800) `Lehm', leimo m. `Ton, Lehm' (8.Jh.); līm (9.Jh.) `Leim, Kalk'; slīm `Schleim', slīmen `glatt machen, blank schärfen' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: līm st. m. 'leim, vogelleim'; slīm st. m. `Schlamm, klebrige Flüssigkeit, schmierige Substanz, Vogelleim'; leim(e) st./wk. f., md. lēm 'lehm'
German: Lehm m. (< md.), Leim m., { dial. Leimen }; Schleim m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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