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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *alda
Meaning: fathom
Russian meaning: сажень
Mongolian: *alda
Tungus-Manchu: *alda-n
Korean: *ară-m
Japanese: *ata
Comments: Ozawa 38-40, АПиПЯЯ 16, 71, Rozycki 18-19. Despite Doerfer MT 111, TM forms are hardly < Mong. (because of a semantic difference). A possible parallel in Turkic could be *adɨ[ĺ] > OT adɨt 'handful', Kirgh. adɨš, Yak. ɨtɨs 'palm' (VEWT 7, ЭСТЯ 1, 100-101, 410, Лексика 252, Stachowski 263), but there are some phonetic and semantic problems. Note, however, that OJ ata also denotes a small measure of length (8 sun, or about 12 centimetres) - rather a span than a fathom. Such a semantic development may presuppose an earlier usage of *alda in constructions like 'big fathom' - 'small fathom' ( = 'span') both in Turkic and Japanese.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *alda
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fathom
Russian meaning: сажень
Written Mongolian: alda (L 29)
Middle Mongolian: alda (SH), ālda (MA 98)
Khalkha: ald
Buriat: alda
Kalmuck: aldǝ
Ordos: alda
Dongxian: anda (MGCD); anda-la- (Тод. Дн. 110) 'to measure by fathoms'
Baoan: aldǝ
Dagur: alda (Тод. Даг. 119), alede (MD 112)
Shary-Yoghur: alda
Monguor: arda 'brasse, 5 pieds chinois' (SM 12), alda (MGCD)
Comments: KW 6, MGCD 102. Mong. > Evk. alda 'fathom', Russ. Siber. aldán (Аникин 82).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *alda-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: distance between
Russian meaning: расстояние между
Literary Manchu: andan, alda-
Jurchen: an-dan-do (816) 'to follow'
Ulcha: alda(n)
Orok: alda(n)
Nanai: aldã
Oroch: agda(n)
Udighe: agda(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 31.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ară-m
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fathom, the span of both arms
Russian meaning: сажень
Modern Korean: arɨm
Middle Korean: arăm
Comments: Nam 335, KED 1071.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ata
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a measure of length
Russian meaning: мера длины
Old Japanese: ata
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,

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