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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *bʔVh
Meaning: mountain
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Khmu: *Po
Khasi: lumbah mountain
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kmu,aaet-khasi,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *ʔbVw(X)
Meaning: top
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *bʔVh
Austroasiatic meaning: mountain
Proto-Austronesian: *babaw / *bawbaw
Austronesian meaning: top, above
Proto-Thai: (bhu:.A hill (rather < Chin) )
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVHV
Meaning : hill, rock
Eurasiatic : *bVgV ( ~ -ɣ-)
Sino-Caucasian : *ṗVHV ( ~ *HVṗV)
Austric : PAA *bʔVh mountain, PAN *ba-baw top
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-austr,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bVgV ( ~ -ɣ-)
Meaning: stone, hill
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *bi̯ŭ́ge rock, hill
Eskimo-Aleut: *ujaʁa-ɣ
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ŭ́ge
Meaning: rock, hill
Russian meaning: холм, горка
Turkic: *bögür
Mongolian: *böɣerüg
Tungus-Manchu: *bug-
Korean: *pàhói
Japanese: *bǝ
Comments: Cf. *bū̀k`e, *pā̀ko.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bögür
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain slope
Russian meaning: склон горы
Turkish: böɣür
Turkmen: bövür 'side'
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 207. The root is historically different from *bögür 'kidney', but they are hard to distinguish within Turkic.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *böɣerüg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mountain slopes 2 hill
Russian meaning: 1 горные склоны 2 холм
Written Mongolian: bögerüg, bögereg
Khalkha: bȫrög 1
Kalmuck: bȫrǝg 2
Comments: KW 57.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bug-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hill, mound
Russian meaning: холм, бугор
Evenki: buɣa, buɣan
Even: bụɣụn, buɣjeńe, buɣъndъ
Ulcha: bo(n)
Nanai: buen, bugdure
Comments: ТМС 1, 101, 102.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pàhói
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Modern Korean: pawi
Middle Korean: pàhói
Comments: Nam 239, KED 708.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *bǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hill, hillock
Russian meaning: холм
Old Japanese: wo
Middle Japanese: wo
Comments: JLTT 503.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ujaʁa-ɣ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: stone, rock
Russian meaning: камень
Proto-Yupik: *uj(a)ʁa-ɣ, *jǝHa-ma-
Proto-Inupik: *ujaʁa-ɣ
Comments: Some Yupik languages show a metathesis: *uja > *jua-.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 386
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *uj(a)ʁa-ɣ, *jǝHa-ma-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: stone 1, anchor 2
Russian Meaning: камень 1, якорь 2
Chaplino: ujʁák (ɣǝt) 1, ujʁīn (tǝt) 2
Naukan: újʁak, ujáʁak 1
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: jāmaq
Chugach (Birket-Smith): jāmạq
Egegik (Peripheral): Y cīmaq (ʁ)
Nunivak (Peripheral): sīmaχ*
Norton Sound (Peripheral): cīmaq (ʁ)
PAME: *ujaʁa-q
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 386, 388
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-egeg,yupet-nun,yupet-nrts,yupet-pame,yupet-ced,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ṗVHV ( ~ *HVṗV)
Meaning: top
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Sino-Tibetan: *pɨw ( ~ b-, -iw)
Burushaski: *-phó
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *pɨw ( ~ b-, -iw)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: top, upper part
Tibetan: dbu head (resp.), phu the upper part, spo summit.
Burmese: ǝpaw top, upper part, above.
Kachin: bo1 the head.
Kiranti: *ʔp[ú]-jV
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-kir,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *ʔp[ú]jV
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: head
Sunwar: 'pija
Tulung: buj
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-tul,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *pho
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: top, tip
Hunza: -phó
Nagar: -phó
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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