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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`i̯ŏlge
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pray, sacrifice
Russian meaning: молиться, приносить жертву
Turkic: *ạlkɨ-
Mongolian: *(h)ergül
Tungus-Manchu: *pulga-
Japanese: *pǝ(n)k- ( ~-ua-)
Comments: An interesting common Altaic religious term.
altet.dbf-prnum,altet.dbf-meaning,altet.dbf-rusmean,altet.dbf-turc,altet.dbf-mong,altet.dbf-tung,altet.dbf-jap,altet.dbf-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ạlkɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bless, praise 2 blessing, praise 3 curse
Russian meaning: 1 благословлять, восхвалять 2 благословение, хвала 3 проклятие, проклинать
Old Turkic: alqa- (OUygh.) 1, alqɨš (OUygh., Yen.) 2
Karakhanid: alqɨš 2 (MK)
Turkish: alkɨš 2
Tatar: alqɨš 2
Middle Turkic: alqa- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ɔlqiš 2
Uighur: alqiš 2
Sary-Yughur: alqɨs 2
Azerbaidzhan: alGɨš 2
Turkmen: alqɨš 2
Oyrat: alqa- 1
Chuvash: ɨlɣan 3
Yakut: alɣā- 1, alɣɨ̄ 2 ( < Tuva)
Dolgan: algā- 'to shamanize' ( < Tuva)
Tuva: a'lɣɨš 3
Kirghiz: alqa- 1, alqɨš 2
Kazakh: alɣɨs 2; alqa- 1 (dial.)
Bashkir: alqɨš 2
Balkar: alɣɨš 2
Karaim: alɣɨš 2
Karakalpak: alɣɨs 2
Kumyk: alɣɨš 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 137-138, EDT 137-138, Егоров 343, Stachowski 31, Мудрак Дисс. 181 (regarding the Yak. form as borrowed < Tuva because of its vocalism).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)ergül
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sacrifice, donation
Russian meaning: жертвоприношение, пожертвование
Written Mongolian: ergül (L 326)
Khalkha: örgöl
Buriat: ürgel
Comments: The word appears to be quite transparently derived from ergü-, örgü- 'to raise, lift up' (also 'to offer, present') q. v. sub *ṓŕi. We suspect, however, that this may be a case of secondary reanalysis: *(h)ergül would be a quite regular reflex of *(h)elgü-r or *(h)elgü-l = Turk. *ạlkɨĺ 'blessing'. Note that in Lessing's dictionary we find separate entries: ergül 'donation, sacrifice' vs. örgül 'elevation' (L 641).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pulga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sacrifice 2 alms, charity 3 sacrifice
Russian meaning: 1 приносить жертву 2 дары, милостыня 3 жертва
Evenki: hulga- 1
Literary Manchu: fulexu 2
Udighe: xula 3
Comments: ТМС 2, 344.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pǝ(n)k- ( ~-ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pray
Russian meaning: молиться
Old Japanese: p(w)ok-
Tokyo: koto-hog-
Comments: JLTT 691.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVlgV
Meaning: to pray, sacrifice
Indo-European: *bhlag'h-m-en-
Altaic: *p`i̯ŏlge
Dravidian: *vēḷ- (?)
References: Suggested by V. Glumov. (w/o Drav.)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *bhlag'h-m-en-
Meaning: priest
Old Indian: brahmán- m. `one who prays, brahman', bráhman- n. `piousness, brahma'
Latin: flāmen, -inis m. `Opferpriester, Eigenpriester einee bestimmten Gottheit', flāmōnium `das Amt des f.'
Russ. meaning: жрец
References: WP II 209
Comments: Lat. can also be compared with Germ. *blōtan `to sacrifice', *blōstra- `priest' (< *bhlād-)
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 258
Root: bhlagh-men-
English meaning: priest
German meaning: `Zauberpriester'; ursprgl. wohl Neutrum `Opferhandlung'
Material: Air. brahmán- m. `Zauberpriester', bráhman- n. `Zauberspruch, Andacht'; messap. βλαμινι `Priester'; lat. flāmen, -inis m. `Opferpriester' (nicht altes *-ēn).

    Wegen der zahlreichen Übereinstimmungen in der religiösen Terminologie zwischen dem Italischen und Indoiranischen ist diese Gleichung der Erklärung von flāmen aus *bhlād-(s)men, angebl. `Opferhandlung' (zu got. blōtan `verehren', an. blōta, ags. blōtan, ahd. bluozan `opfern', an. blōt n. `Opfer' [-es-St., vgl. finn. luote `Zaubergesang' aus urgerm. *blōtes], ahd. bluostar n. ds., usw.), vorzuziehen. Vgl. auch Dumézil REtIE. 1, 377, der noch arm. baɫjal `streben nach' vergleicht.

References: WP. II 209, WH. I 512 f., 865 f., Feist 100 f., 580 a.
Pages: 154
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`i̯ŏlge
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to pray, sacrifice
Russian meaning: молиться, приносить жертву
Turkic: *ạlkɨ-
Mongolian: *(h)ergül
Tungus-Manchu: *pulga-
Japanese: *pǝ(n)k- ( ~-ua-)
Comments: An interesting common Altaic religious term.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *vēḷ-
Meaning : to sacrifice
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *vēḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *vēl-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *vēḷ-
Meaning : to sacrifice
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vēḷ (vēṭp-, vēṭṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to offer sacrifices, marry; n. marriage
Tamil derivates : vēḷvi sacrifice, marriage; vēḷvu sacrifice; presents of food from the bridegroom's to the bride's house and vice versa at a wedding; vēṭṭal marriage; vēṭṭān_, vēṭṭōn_ husband; vēṭṭāḷ wife; viḷai (-pp-, -tt-) to perform as worship
Malayalam : vēḷvi, vēẓvi
Malayalam meaning : sacrifice
Malayalam derivates : vēḷkka to marry as brahmans before the holy fire; vēḷi, vēḷvi marriage, bride, wife; vēḷppikka fathers to marry children
Kannada : bēḷ
Kannada meaning : to offer into fire or with fire as ghee, animals, etc.
Kannada derivates : bēḷuve oblation with fire, burnt-offering; bēḷamba destruction of human life in fire
Tulu : belcaḍe
Tulu meaning : a devil-dancer, one possessed with Kāḷī
Number in DED : 5544
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *vēl-
Meaning : to put or throw in a sacrificial fire, offer up a burnt sacrifice
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vēlucu
Inscriptional Telugu : vēḷpu "god"
Additional forms : Also [1] vēlupu, [2] vēlpu god or goddess, deity, divinity, a celestial, demi-god, immortal; vēlpuḍu worship; vēlimi oblation
Number in DED : 5544
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_inscr,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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