Annotated Swadesh wordlists for the Tupí-Guaraní group (Tupían family).
Languages included: Tapirapé [tpg-tap].
Almeida et al. 1983 = Almeida, Antônio; Irmãzinhas de Jesus; Luiz Gouvêa de Paula. A língua Tapirapé. Rio de Janeiro: Biblioteca Reprográfica Xerox. // A grammar of Tapirapé accompanied by a glossary.
Praça 2007 = Praça, Walkíria Neiva. Morfossintaxe da língua Tapirapé. PhD thesis. Brasília: Universidade de Brasília. // A description of Tapirapé morphosyntax, containing numerous examples and several sample texts. No glossary is found.
Tapirapé speakers live in Terra Indígena Tapirapé/Karajá (Luciara and Santa Terezinha municipalities of Mato Grosso, Brazil, at the confluence of the Tapirapé and Araguaia rivers bordering Tocantins) and, more recently, also in Terra Indígena Urubu Branco (Santa Terezinha, Confresa and Porto Alegre do Norte municipalities in north-eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil).
Most Tapirapé are bilingual in Tapirapé and Portuguese. Many of them are trilingual in Tapirapé, Portuguese and Karajá (especially those who live in the Majtyritãwa village. T.I. Tapirapé/Karajá). In Tãpi’itãwa, Tãpiparanytãwa, Towãjaatãwa, Wiriaotãwa and Akara’ytãwa villages (T.I. Urubu Branco) the main language of communication is Tapirapé.
The population of Tapirapé is around 600 people, though in the 1940s there were only 47 speakers.
The data from [Almeida et al. 1983] and [Praça 2007] are normally in accordance. In some words stem-final occlusives alternate with voiced continuants when followed by a vowel-initial suffix. This happens following oral vowels and ã. Only the variants with the occlusives are cited here.
The differences between the transcription and the orthography used in [Almeida et al. 1983] are the following: UTS ʔ = orth. h, UTS ɨ = orth. y, UTS ɨ̃ = orth. ỹ, UTS ɾ = orth. r, UTS ŋ = orth. g, UTS ɕ = orth. x, UTS y = orth. j, UTS kʷ = orth. q. Additionally, nasality is marked over vowels preceded by nasal consonants, as well as over continuants (ɾ, w, y) in syllables with a nasal nucleus.
Database compiled and annotated by: André Nikulin (October 2015).