Annotated Swadesh wordlists for the Eastern ǂHoan group (Peripheral Khoisan family).
Languages included: ǂHoan [hoa-hoa].
Reconstruction: Language isolate, no reconstruction required.
Bell & Collins 2001 = Bell, Arthur; Collins, Chris. ǂHoan and the typology of click accompaniments in Khoisan. In: Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, pp 126-153. // Small paper on the structure and phonetic features of the click system in ǂHoan, illustrated by a limited amount of lexical data.
Collins 1998 = Collins, Chris. Plurality in ǂHoan. Khoisan Forum, working paper No. 9. // Brief article on some grammatical aspects of ǂHoan. Contains some lexical data from J. Gruber's and C. Collins' own fieldwork.
Collins 2001a = Collins, Chris. Aspects of plurality in ǂHoan. In: Language, 77 (3), pp. 456-476. // Brief article on some grammatical aspects of ǂHoan. Contains some lexical data from J. Gruber's and C. Collins' own fieldwork.
Collins 2001b = Collins, Chris. Multiple verb movement in ǂHoan. In: Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, pp. 75-104. // Brief article on some grammatical aspects of ǂHoan. Contains some lexical data from J. Gruber's and C. Collins' own fieldwork.
Gruber 1975 = Gruber, Jeffrey. Plural predicates in ǂHòã. In: Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies. Ed(s): Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, No. 2. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand, pp. 1-50. // Descriptive paper on the ǂHoan language, with lexical and grammatical material drawn from the author's own fieldnotes.
Heine & Honken 2010 = Heine, Bernd; Honken, Henry. The Kxʼa Family: A New Khoisan Genealogy. In: Journal of Asian and African Studies, 79, pp. 5-36. // The paper demonstrates close genetic relationship between ǂHoan and the North Khoisan (Ju) family; contains significant comparative material, including some previously unpublished lexical data on ǂHoan.
Honken 1977 = Honken, Henry. Submerged features and proto-Khoisan. In: Khoisan linguistic studies 3. Ed(s): Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, no 6, pp. 145-169. // A comparative paper on the pronominal systems and other aspects of Proto-Khoisan. Contains, among other things, some lexical data on ǂHoan, borrowed by the author from J. Gruber's fieldnotes.
Traill 1973 = Traill, Anthony. "N4 or S7": another Bushman language. In: African studies, 32 (1), pp 25-32. // First published notes on the ǂHoan language, containing a small lexical list collected by the author. Transcription quality is somewhat poor compared to J. Gruber's subsequent research.
ǂHoan-Cornell = Click accompaniments in ǂHoan. Formerly available at the Khoisan site of Conrell University, now at: http://web.archive.org/web/20060907122603/ling.cornell.edu/khoisan/hoan/hoan_sounds.htm. // A collection of approximately one hundred examples of click-containing lexemes in ǂHoan, illustrated by sound files. Probably (like most published ǂHoan material) taken from J. Gruber's fieldwork, although the proper credits are lacking on-line.
Note: The main primary source of ǂHoan data for this database is J. Gruber's field research, scattered among his own publications as well as works by C. Collins and H. Honken. Where such data happen to be unavailable, we agree to fill in the slot from data taken from the phonetically much less reliable collection of A. Traill, always marking it with the uncertainty sign (#).
Database compiled and annotated by: G. Starostin (final revision: October 2011).